Article ID: CBB499524958

Neo-Confucianism, Experimental Philosophy and the Trouble with Intuitive Methods (2018)


The proper role of intuitions in philosophy has been debated throughout its history, and especially since the turn of the twenty-first century. The context of this recent debate within analytic philosophy has been the heightened interest in (and use of) intuitions as data points that need to be accommodated or explained away by philosophical theories. This, in turn, has given rise to a sceptical movement called experimental philosophy, whose advocates seek to understand the nature and reliability of such intuitions (along with related judgements and behaviour). Yet such scepticism of intuition or introspective methods can be found in earlier periods and across philosophical traditions. Indeed, the Neo-Confucian philosophers of the Song and Ming dynasties (ca. tenth to seventeenth centuries CE) seem to exemplify this very tension, as they can be divided into an intuitionistic school on the one hand and an investigative school on the other. In this paper, I argue that, notwithstanding some obvious differences, there are broad similarities between the dynamics at play across these philosophical traditions. Moreover, by comparing and juxtaposing them, we will come to appreciate the distinctiveness of each, as their attendant aims, weaknesses and strengths become more salient thereby.

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Article Alberto Vanzo (2018) Introduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy (pp. 805-811). unapi

Article Alberto Vanzo (2018) Introduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy (pp. 805-811). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
L. U. Mingxin
Nado, Jennifer
Beebe, James R.
Nathan Vedal
Fischer, Eugen
Miller, Ian Matthew
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Revue de Synthèse
Lishi yuyan yanjiuso jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica)
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Springer International Publishing
University of Washington Press
State University of New York Press
Hong Kong University Press
Columbia University Press
Experimental philosophy
Experiments and experimentation
Case studies
Volder, Burchardus de
Austin, John Langshaw
Guo, Yong (1091-1187)
Knobe, Joshua
Sytsma, Justin
Wilson, John Cook
Time Periods
Song Dynasty (China, 960-1279)
Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
Qing dynasty (China, 1644-1912)
Early modern
Yuan Dynasty (China, ca. 1260-1368)

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