Article ID: CBB496946687

AḤMAD B. AL-ṬAYYIB AL-SARAḪSĪ, RÉVISEUR DE L’INTRODUCTION ARITHMÉTIQUE DE NICOMAQUE DE GÉRASE ET RÉDACTEUR DES RASĀ᾿IL IḪWĀN AL-ṢAFĀ᾿ (2019)

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Before Ṯābit b. Qurra's translation, there was a first Arabic version of Nicomachus’ Introduction to arithmetic. Full of mistakes, it was revised by an anonymous student of al-Kindī. Thanks to the part that Freudenthal and Levy have edited and translated, we are now able to identify this reviser as Aḥmad b. al-Ṭayyib al-Saraḫsī, who we also identified as the author of the Rasā᾿il Iḫwān al-Ṣafā᾿. The comparison of the gloss written by this reviser with a new fragment of Saraḫsī on one part, and with the “ Epistles of the Brethren in Purity ” on the other, corroborate Saraḫsī’s authorship of the epistles. Furthermore, studying the misunderstandings on Nicomachus’ text in this kindianised version gives a new light on al-Kindī’s attempt to unify philosophy and on the specific ontology of the Brethren in Purity., Avant celle de Ṯābit b. Qurra, l’Introduction arithmétique de Nicomaque de Gérase fit l'objet d'une première traduction fautive révisée par un élève d'al-Kindī. Grâce à la partie éditée et traduite par Freudenthal et Lévy, nous pouvons désormais identifier ce réviseur comme étant Aḥmad b. al-Ṭayyib al-Saraḫsī, que nous avons par ailleurs reconnu comme auteur des Rasā᾿il Iḫwān al-Ṣafā᾿. La comparaison des gloses de ce réviseur d'une part avec un fragment inédit d'al-Saraḫsī et d'autre part avec les « Épîtres des Frères en Pureté » corrobore l'attribution des épîtres à al-Saraḫsī. En outre, l’étude des contresens de cette version kindisée du texte de Nicomaque nous renseigne mieux tant sur la tentative kindienne d'unifier la philosophie que sur la spécificité de l'ontologie des Frères en Pureté.

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Authors & Contributors
El-Bizri, Nader
Ikhwān al-Ṣafā'
Genequand, Charles
Staley, Kevin
Blaser, Robert-Henri
Ruffinengo, Pier Paolo
Journals
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften
Journal of the History of Ideas
Nova Acta Paracelsica: Jahrbuch der Schweizerischen Paracelsus-Gesellschaft
Medioevo: Saggi e Rassegne
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Publishers
Oxford University Press
Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft
Editoriale Jouvence
Concepts
Arab/Islamic world, civilization and culture
Philosophy
Mathematics
Translations
Islam
Alchemy
People
al-Kindī, Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqub ibn Isḥāq
Aristotle
Avicenna
Suhrawardī, Yaḥyá ibn Ḥabash
Paracelsus, Theophrast von Hohenheim
al-Fārābī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammd ibn Muḥammad
Time Periods
Medieval
9th century
13th century
14th century
Ancient
10th century
Places
Baghdad (Iraq)
Greece
Institutions
Ikhwān al-Ṣafā (Brethren of Purity)
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