Article ID: CBB492393752

El misterio de los azogues que vio Sebastián López Ruiz (2022)

unapi

En las colecciones de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia yace un documento, firmado en 1790, por el reconocido médico Sebastián López Ruiz, sobre sus exploraciones de azogue en el istmo de Panamá. En él documenta testimonios de vecinos de ambos sexos, mozos y viejos, sobre hallazgos y brotes de azogue en distintos parajes; extracciones secretas, avistamientos del metálico en ciudades, barajes cercanos y distantes; tanto en los barrancos y faldas de cerros, como en las quebradas próximas al mar. El propósito de este trabajo es leer críticamente este documento, y los demás adjuntos en el legajo que lo contiene, para así dilucidar la veracidad o no de sus declaraciones, en ocasiones sorprendentes, y las razones que pudieron dar lugar a su escritura. Al hacerlo, podremos comprender mejor el lugar social de la ciencia en el contexto ilustrado del Nuevo Reino de Granada, y el papel del honor y la nobleza como incentivos de la investigación científica de aquel entonces. [English translation by DeepL.com: In the collections of the National Library of Colombia lies a document, signed in 1790, by the renowned physician Sebastián López Ruiz, about his quicksilver explorations in the Isthmus of Panama. In it he documents testimonies of neighbors of both sexes, young and old, about findings and outbreaks of quicksilver in different places; secret extractions, sightings of the metal in cities, near and distant barajes; both in the ravines and slopes of hills, as well as in the ravines near the sea. The purpose of this work is to critically read this document, and the others attached in the file that contains it, in order to elucidate the veracity or not of their statements, sometimes surprising, and the reasons that could have given rise to their writing. By doing so, we will be able to better understand the social place of science in the enlightened context of the New Kingdom of Granada, and the role of honor and nobility as incentives for scientific research at that time.]

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Authors & Contributors
Ferraz, Marcia Helena Mendes
Alfonso-Goldfarb, Ana Maria
Arturo Armone Caruso
Lina Rocío Medina Muñoz
Lugaresi, Maria Giulia
Michele Ortore
Journals
Nuova Rivista di Storia della Medicina
Philosophical Readings
Social History of Medicine
Past and Present
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Publishers
Il Formichiere
Franco Cesati Editore
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
McGill-Queen's University Press
Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia
Hakluyt Society
Concepts
Mercury (element)
Ecdotics; source study (methodology)
Critical editions
Spain, colonies
Natural history
Botany
People
Mutis, José Celestino
Boerhaave, Herman
Malfatti, Gian Francesco
Riccati, Giordano
Vallisneri, Antonio
Webster, John
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century
Early modern
Republic of Venice (697–1797)
16th century
Places
Colombia
Peru
South America
Spain
Italy
Mexico
Institutions
UNESCO
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