Article ID: CBB483523917

Reassessment of Beijing’s economic and military aid to Hanoi’s War, 1964–75 (2019)


Although China’s assistance to North Vietnam was substantial, playing a vital role in Hanoi’s war against the United States, this policy was made based on Beijing’s strategic calculation and ideological conviction rather than on Hanoi’s needs. The Chinese leadership attempted to use aid to influence Hanoi’s approach to the war, but achieved almost no effect. Instead, Beijing’s manipulation made Hanoi suspicious about the Chinese leadership’s real intentions in Indochina, and Beijing’s effort to help Hanoi against the United States was arguably its biggest, unexpected foreign policy failure in the Cold War.

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Authors & Contributors
Urbansky, Sören
Wei, Chunjuan Nancy
Brock, Darryl E.
Mazower, Mark
Oatsvall, Neil S.
Wahlberg, Ayo
Cold War History
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Environmental History
Environment and History
Centaurus: International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
Lexington Books
University of California Press
Harvard University Press
Stanford University Press
University of Washington Press
International relations
Political science
Cold War
Vietnam War
Environmental history
Mao, Zedong
John F. Kennedy
Mijal, Kazimierz
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
Soviet Union
United States
Eastern Europe
League of Nations
United Nations

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