Article ID: CBB478688890

Dobzhansky and Dreyfus’s Group: The Introduction of Natural Population Genetics Studies in Brazil (1943–1960) (2020)

unapi

An important center in which genetic research started and was carried out in Brazil during the 20th century was situated at the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Linguistics of the University of São Paulo, led by André Dreyfus (1897–1952). Beginning in 1943, the Ukrainian geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900–1975) visited Dreyfus’ s group four times. This paper evaluates the impact of Dobzhansky’ s visits on the studies of genetics and evolution developed by the members of Dreyfus’ s group during the 1940s and the 1950s. The study leads to the conclusion that Dobzhansky’ s visits had an impact, not only in quantitative terms (the number of individual and joint publications), but also in qualitative terms. However, we also detect a decrease in the number of individual and joint publications related to the subject of the project during certain periods. The adoption of new experimental organisms by some members of the group; the involvement with subjects not related to the initial project, such as botany; Dobzhansky’s and his wife’s health problems during the third visit; and scientific disagreements between Dobzhansky and Brazilian researchers may have contributed to the decrease in publications.

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Authors & Contributors
Carvalho, Tito Brige de
Maria Lucia Mendes Carvalho
Abrams, Nels Martin
Almeida, Fabio de Oliveira
Stokland, Håkon B.
Varela, Alex Gonçalves
Journals
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Journal of the History of Biology
Revista Brasileira de Historia
Perspectives on Science
History of Science
Publishers
University of Chicago Press
The University of Utah Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Editions EHESS
Concepts
Population genetics
Publishers and publishing
Scholarly publishing
Evolution
Biology
Genetics
People
Dobzhansky, Theodosius
Robert Trivers
Huxley, Julian Sorell
Wright, Sewall
Penrose, Lionel
Mead, Margaret
Time Periods
20th century
Early modern
21st century
20th century, early
19th century
Modern
Places
São Paulo (Brazil)
Brazil
Norway
Germany
France
Institutions
University of São Paolo
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