Article ID: CBB477207269

Impact of Alumni Connections on Peer Review Ratings and Selection Success Rate in National Research (January 2017)

unapi

This study seeks to examine the impact of alumni connections between the evaluators and evaluatees on the results of peer review ratings for the Korean national R&D project and selection success rate. Specifically, this study analyzed the evaluation results of 8,402 research proposal entries submitted between 2007 and 2011 for the “general researchers support project,” all in the Natural Science and Engineering areas and sponsored by the National Research Foundation of Korea. Each proposal entry was evaluated by three evaluators, and approximately 39 percent of the proposals had at least one evaluator from the same university. The results of this study showed that evaluators have a tendency to give relatively high scores to research proposals submitted by the alumni of the same universities as their alma mater. Also, when an evaluator from the same university as an evaluatee was included in the evaluator group, the results of this study showed that the percentage of entry submissions was higher compared to the contrary. Such results show that in the process of peer review–based research proposal evaluations for national R&D projects, alumni connections have significant influence on evaluation results in South Korea.

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Authors & Contributors
Roumbanis, Lambros
Kaltenbrunner, Wolfgang
Kim, Hyomin
Kim, Dong-Won
Rogers, John
Bak, Hee-Je
Journals
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Science, Technology and Human Values
Social Studies of Science
History of the Human Sciences
Science as Culture
Publishers
Western Michigan University
Concepts
Technoscience; science and technology studies
Peer review
Research support
Research
Medicine
Scholarly publishing
Time Periods
21st century
20th century, late
Places
South Korea
China
North Korea
Great Britain
Sweden
United States
Institutions
Swedish Research Council
Industrial Technology Research Institute- ITRI
Korea Institute of Science and Technology - KIST
Biomed Central
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