Article ID: CBB475527847

MIND, Anti-Psychiatry, and the Case of the Mental Hygiene Movement’s ‘Discursive Transformation’ (2020)


During the 1970s the National Association for Mental Health (NAMH) re-labelled itself MIND, becoming a rights-based organisation, critiquing psychiatry and emphasising patients’ citizenship. Its transformation has been coloured by attributions of the influence of anti-psychiatry. This article argues that the relevance of anti-psychiatry has been over-simplified. It examines MIND’s history as part of the psychiatric strategy known as mental hygiene. This movement’s agenda can be understood as paradigmatic of much that anti-psychiatry renounced. However, building on the sociologist Nick Crossley’s description of the interactional nature of Social Movement Organisations in the psychiatric field, this article shows that a ‘discursive transformation’ can be deduced in core elements of mental hygienist thinking. This transformation of discourse clearly prefigured important elements of anti-psychiatry, and also fed into MIND’s rights approach. But it must be appreciated on its own terms. Its distinctiveness under MIND is shown in its application to people with learning disabilities.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Thesis Madeleine Marie Parra Allen; (2018)
Confronting the Power of Psychiatry: The Psychiatric Survivors' Movement, 1972-1986 (/isis/citation/CBB575040905/) unapi

Book Andrew S. Tompkins; (2016)
Better Active than Radioactive!: Anti-Nuclear Protest in 1970s France and West Germany (/isis/citation/CBB037500265/) unapi

Article Barbara Keys; (2018)
The Telephone and Its Uses in 1980s U.S. Activism (/isis/citation/CBB979202636/) unapi

Article Jennifer Thomson; (April 2017)
Surviving the 1970s: The Case of Friends of the Earth (/isis/citation/CBB397427835/) unapi

Article Olivier Walusinski; (2017)
Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797–1851): a forgotten disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772–1840) (/isis/citation/CBB311937342/) unapi

Book John Francis; (2009)
Planetwalker: 22 Years of Walking. 17 Years of Silence. (/isis/citation/CBB182503730/) unapi

Book Alexander Dunst; (2016)
Madness in Cold War America (/isis/citation/CBB039375782/) unapi

Article Mark Gallagher; (2017)
From asylum to action in Scotland: The emergence of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients, 1971–2 (/isis/citation/CBB943092784/) unapi

Book Jonathan M. Berman; (2020)
Anti-vaxxers: How to Challenge a Misinformed Movement (/isis/citation/CBB269088658/) unapi

Article Jasen, Patricia; (2011)
Student Activism, Mental Health, and English-Canadian Universities in the 1960s (/isis/citation/CBB001231533/) unapi

Article Richert, Lucas; (2014)
“Therapy Means Political Change, Not Peanut Butter”: American Radical Psychiatry, 1968--1975 (/isis/citation/CBB001550846/) unapi

Book Annie Bartlett; (2016)
Secure Lives: The Meaning and Importance of Culture in Secure Hospital Care (/isis/citation/CBB835568937/) unapi

Thesis Nicole Stradiotto; (2019)
The Canadian Science Advocacy Movement (/isis/citation/CBB164929034/) unapi

Article Hauke Riesch; Photini Vrikki; Neil Stephens; Jamie Lewis; Olwenn Martin; (2021)
'A Moment of Science, Please': Activism, Community, and Humor at the March for Science (/isis/citation/CBB782008935/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Davies, Kerry
Murray, Heather Michelle
Jasen, Patricia
Richert, Lucas
Tompkins, Andrew S.
Dunst, Alexander
Social History of Medicine
History of Psychiatry
Journal of American Culture
Canadian Historical Review
Scientia Canadensis: Journal of the History of Canadian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Environmental History
Oxford University Press
University of Toronto
National Geographic Society
MIT Press
University of Maryland, College Park
Political activists and activism
Protest movements
Social movements
Mental disorders and diseases
Rotblat, Joseph
Russell, Bertrand Arthur William
Beck, Ulrich
Francis, John
Chambeyron, Antoine-Marie
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
19th century
United States
West Germany
Nova Scotia
New York City (New York, U.S.)
Friends of the Earth
Scottish Union of Mental Patients

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment