Article ID: CBB471753763

La parola chiave «infinito» nello studio della natura sviluppato dai presocratici (2018)


The concept of “infinity” lies at the basis of the “physiology,” i.e. the investigation of the Physis-Nature, developed by the pre-Socratics starting from the School of Miletus up to the School of Abdera. Indeed, both the earliest thinkers and Anaximander in Ionia and the atomists led by Democritus, contributed to developing the very first form of “philosophy of nature” focused on the keywords “infinite” and “finite.” According to these concepts, the philosophy of the Hellenic and Hellenistic-Roman periods should be revisited in order to return to the roots of the “science of nature” in its dual physical and mathematical connotation. Furthermore, the infinite-finite duality can be compared with other dualities: firstly with the “empty-full” duality and, secondly, with the “discrete-continuous” one. One should therefore retrace the salient stages of the study of nature as developed by the pre-Socratics, a study that in the modern age was to become the “philosophy of nature,” until it acquired its current, definitive status of “science of nature,” based on the principles of observation and experiment. The article highlights in particular the leading role played by Anaximander, who developed the keyword “infinite,” which has been interpreted in many different ways over the centuries.

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Authors & Contributors
Zaborowski, Robert
Curd, Patricia
Morel, Pierre-Marie
Pradeau, Jean-Françoise
Baltussen, Han
Paczkowski, Przemsław
Organon: International Review
Kwartalnik Historii Nauki i Techniki
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
Oxford University Press
Université Marc Bloch
Editions Peeters
University of Toronto Press
Pre-Socratic philosophers
Natural philosophy
Roman Empire
Anaxagoras of Clazomenae
Empedocles of Agrigentum
Theophrastos of Eresos
Heraclitus of Ephesus
Time Periods
20th century
10th century
6th century, B.C.
5th century
Hellenistic world
Alexandria (Egypt)
Mediterranean region

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