Article ID: CBB471676104

From pathologist to surgeon: the surgical tools inventions and techniques of Lodovico Brunetti (2022)

unapi

Lodovico Brunetti (1813-1899) was the first professor of pathological anatomy at the University of Padua (1855) and the founder of the current Morgagni Museum of Pathological Anatomy. His interest in the renewal of rachiotomy techniques through the development of new instruments, still in use today, is well known. Brunetti was also famous for his surgical skills and the invention of different tools used during his operations. A medical-historical research of the literature was carried out to deepen our knowledge on evolution of surgical tools and techniques in the late nineteenth century through the work and ideas of Brunetti. Although he was full professor of Pathological Anatomy, he continued to operate from time to time as a surgeon. Among his surgical procedures, he performed several cystotomies, cataract and rhinoplasty, of which he described in detail the techniques and tools used, paying always particular attention to his current time innovations, for example citing the "Graefe's knife" as an alternative to the keratotome and the "Thompson's screw lithotripter", whose prototype was presented in 1860 for lithotripsy practices. The University preserves several surgical instruments that matches the ones used by Brunetti, along with the different specimens of the Morgagni Museum, which bear witness to the operations made using these tools. His inventions are also still used today, while his ideas reflected the discoveries and innovations that characterized the late nineteenth century, also questioning old techniques and tools, often no longer functional or unsuitable for new innovative procedure that were arising in that period.

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Authors & Contributors
Conforti, Maria
Romano, Terrie M.
Stelmackowich, Cindy Lee
Iannacci, Lorenza
Modesti, Maddalena
Garbarino, Maria Carla
Journals
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
Atti e Memorie, Rivista di Storia della Farmacia
Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift fuer Wissenschaftsgeschichte
Publishers
SISMEL edizioni del Galluzzo
Johns Hopkins University Press
State University of New York at Binghamton
Monduzzi Editoriale
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Olschki
Concepts
Medicine
Physicians; doctors
Surgery
Medicine and religion
Pathology
Anatomy
People
Borgognoni, Teodorico
Burdon Sanderson, John Scott
Brambilla, Giovanni Alessandro
Morgagni, Giovanni Battista
Calza, Luigi
Caldani, Leopoldo Marcantonio
Time Periods
Medieval
13th century
19th century
18th century
Renaissance
17th century
Places
Italy
Bologna (Italy)
Great Britain
France
Austria
Germany
Institutions
University of Padua
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