Article ID: CBB470764756

Obstacles encountered by four major European astronomical observatories belonging to academies in the 18th century (2021)

unapi

It is known that, in the first half of the 18th century, the conditions for astronomy at the Imperial Observatory of St-Petersburg, directed by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, were comparable to those enjoyed by astronomers at the royal observatories of Paris and Greenwich created in the previous century. But what about the public observatories created in the first half of the 18th century in Berlin, Uppsala and Bologna? The rich correspondence maintained by Joseph-Nicolas Delisle with the astronomers working in these observatories provides elements of an answer to this question. It also provides more precise information on Delisle’s working conditions at the St-Petersburg Observatory. In this article, we present a comparative analysis of the obstacles encountered by astronomers at these different observatories, and the particular contexts in which they operated, including a breakdown by observatory of salaries and expenditure on astronomy equipment.

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Authors & Contributors
Knobloch, Eberhard
Tortzen Chr
Sanhueza-Cerda, Carlos
Jean-Marie Malherbe
Fabricius, Claus
Perlus, Barry
Journals
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Rittenhouse: Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Nuncius: Annali di Storia della Scienza
Kritiki: Critical Science & Education
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Publishers
Akademie-Verlag
Society for Danish Language and Literature
Yale University Press
Nauka
Lehmanns Colonialwaren im Eigenverl.
Concepts
Astronomical observatories
Instruments, astronomical
Astronomy
Telescopes
Correspondence and corresponding
Scientific apparatus and instruments
People
Humboldt, Alexander von
Encke, Johann Franz
Horrebow, Peder
Fraunhofer, Joseph von
Rømer, Ole Christensen
Ramsden, Jesse
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century, early
20th century
17th century
Places
Berlin (Germany)
St. Petersburg (Russia)
Germany
Oslo (Norway)
Padua (Italy)
Lisbon (Portugal)
Institutions
Pulkovo Observatory
Osservatorio astronomico universitario di Bologna
Observatorio Astronómico Nacional de Chile
Mont-Blanc Observatory
Tartu Observatoorium
Palermo. Osservatorio Astronomico
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