Article ID: CBB461350298

Inspired by British inventions: Joseph von Baader (1763–1835) — a Bavarian engineer fighting a losing battle (2019)


Bavaria offered little incentives for the new industrial age around 1800. Yet — due to the activities of Joseph von Baader — a touch of the Industrial Revolution reached Bavaria at least marginally. Baader was inspired by extended sojourns in Great Britain where he had visited James Watt’s steam engines, John Wilkinson’s iron works and other industrial sites. Unlike the breeding grounds of the Industrial Revolution in England and Scotland, however, the Bavarian sites and circumstances for implementing new technology were unusual. Baader used the transformation of the baroque Nymphenburg castle park in Munich into the then fashionable English landscape garden as an opportunity to install new pumps for powerful fountain jets. The castle park also served Baader as a proving ground for the demonstration of steam engines, gas light and a new transportation system. However, decades before the advent of the industrial age in Bavaria these technologies remained showcase examples. Baader’s initiatives were all doomed to failure.

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Authors & Contributors
Miller, David Philip
Hills, Richard L.
Tomory, Leslie
Breckin, M. J.
Tann, Jennifer
Kanefsky, John W.
Transactions - Newcomen Society for the Study of the History of Engineering and Technology
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Economic History Review
Kultur & Technik: Zeitschrift des Deutschen Museums
Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society
History of Science
Dept. of Sociology, Univ. Exeter
Columbia University Press
Reaktion Books
University of Pittsburgh Press
Steam engines; steam turbines
Watt, James
Boulton, Matthew
Reichenbach, Georg von
Prony, Gaspard Clair François Marie Riche, Baron de
Betancourt y Molina, Agustín de
Newcomen, Thomas
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
17th century
20th century
Great Britain
Birmingham (England)
Catalonia (Spain)

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