Article ID: CBB454315878

Udagawa Youan (1798-1846), Pioneer of Chemistry Studies in Japan from Western Sources and his Successors (2021)


This work presents chemistry studies of the Japanese scholar Udagawa Youan (1798-1846), specifically, his pioneering book "Seimi Kaiso," introduction to Chemistry, and includes a short biography of Youan. The first aim of this work is to present Youan’s contribution to Western chemistry in Japan. Youan studied many Western books and listed their authors. The new terms he invented for chemistry in Japanese influenced the development of chemistry writing and application in Japan. The seven books of Seimi Kaiso that were published during 1837-1847 and republished with annotation in Japanese in 1975 are discussed in this article. The impact of Youan’ terminology on the history of chemistry writing in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries is discussed. The conditions of knowledge transfer among Japanese and Western scholars were very different. Youan had severe difficulties facing the strict attitude of the Tokugawa authorities toward studying and distributing knowledge coming from foreign countries. The later development of Japanese chemistry language and studies is also described.

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Authors & Contributors
Tsukahara, Togo
Kikuchi, Yoshiyuki
Zhang, Hao
Liu, Kwang-Ting
Bréard, Andrea
Wright, David
Substantia: An International Journal of the History of Chemistry
Historia Scientiarum: International Journal of the History of Science Society of Japan
化学史研究 [Kagakushi kenkyū; Journal of the Japanese Society for the History of Chemistry]
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Journal of Literature and Science
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Stanford University Press
Renaissance Books
Terminology and nomenclature
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Biographical studies
Cross-cultural interaction; cultural influence
Udagawa, Yoan
Hobson, Benjamin
Mărăcineanu, Ştefania (1882-1944)
Welsbach, Carl Auer von
Faraday, Michael
Mendeleev, Dmitri Ivanovich
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
South Korea
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

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