Book ID: CBB450287019

Pioneer Science and the Great Plagues: How Microbes, War, and Public Health Shaped Animal Health (2021)


Cheville, Norman F. (Author)

Purdue University Press

Publication Date: 2021
Physical Details: 370
Language: English

Pioneer Science and the Great Plagues covers the century when infectious plagues--anthrax, tuberculosis, tetanus, plague, smallpox, and polio--were conquered, and details the important role that veterinary scientists played. The narrative is driven by astonishing events that centered on animal disease: the influenza pandemic of 1872, discovery of the causes of anthrax and tuberculosis in the 1880s, conquest of Texas cattle fever and then yellow fever, German anthrax attacks on the United States during World War I, the tuberculin war of 1931, Japanese biological warfare in the 1940s, and today's bioterror dangers. Veterinary science in the rural Midwest arose from agriculture, but in urban Philadelphia it came from medicine; similar differences occurred in Canada between Toronto and Montreal. As land-grant colleges were established after the American Civil War, individual states followed divergent pathways in supporting veterinary science. Some employed a trade school curriculum that taught agriculturalists to empirically treat animal diseases and others emphasized a curriculum tied to science. This pattern continued for a century, but today some institutions have moved back to the trade school philosophy. Avoiding lessons of the 1910 Flexner Report on medical education reform, university-associated veterinary schools are being approved that do not have control of their own veterinary hospitals, diagnostic laboratories, and research institutes--components that are critical for training students in science. Underlying this change were twin idiosyncrasies of culture--disbelief in science and distrust of government--that spawned scientology, creationism, anti-vaccination movements, and other anti-science scams. As new infectious plagues continue to arise, Pioneer Science and the Great Plagues details the strategies we learned defeating plagues from 1860 to 1960--and the essential role veterinary science played. To defeat the plagues of today it is essential we avoid the digital cocoon of disbelief in science and cultural stasis now threatening progress.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Book Phillips, Howard; (2012)
Epidemics: The Story of South Africa's Five Most Lethal Human Diseases (/isis/citation/CBB001421023/)

Book Jim Downs; (2021)
Maladies of Empire: How Colonialism, Slavery, and War Transformed Medicine (/isis/citation/CBB331206634/)

Book Brown, Karen; Gilfoyle, Daniel; (2010)
Healing the Herds: Disease, Livestock Economies, and the Globilization of Veterinary Medicine (/isis/citation/CBB001022976/)

Book Laurie Garrett; (1994)
The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World Out of Balance (/isis/citation/CBB312042746/)

Article Benedetta Campanile; (2021)
La profilassi diretta e indiretta delle infezioni degli equini nella Prima guerra mondiale (/isis/citation/CBB860870515/)

Article Nascimento, Dilene Raimundo do; Silva, Matheus Alves Duarte da; (2013)
“Não é meu intuito estabelecer polêmica”: a chegada da peste ao Brasil, análise de uma controvérsia, 1899 (/isis/citation/CBB001420700/)

Article Kim, Dong Jin; Yoo, Han Sang; (2013)
Globalism of Outbreak and Prevalence of Cattle Plague (Rinderpest) around Byengjahoran (1636--1638) (/isis/citation/CBB001212575/)

Article Yeo, I. S.; (2015)
U.S. Military Administration's Malaria Control Activities (1945--1948) (/isis/citation/CBB001422433/)

Article Smith-Howard, Kendra; (2010)
Antibiotics and Agricultural Change: Purifying Milk and Protecting Health in the Postwar Era (/isis/citation/CBB001020842/)

Authors & Contributors
Brown, Karen
Woods, Abigail
Silva, Matheus Alves Duarte da
Cadeddu, Antonio
Smith-Howard, Kendra
Gilfoyle, Daniel
Korean Journal of Medical History
Journal of Southern African Studies
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
Agricultural History
Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine
Ohio University Press
University of California, San Francisco
Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Taylor & Francis
Cambridge University Press
Veterinary medicine
Animal diseases
Public health
Infectious diseases
Disease and diseases
Pasteur, Louis
Andrade, Nuno Ferreira de
Simond, Paul Louis
Yersin, Alexandre Émile John
Robert John Stordy
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
21st century
South Africa
United States
Great Britain
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment