Article ID: CBB436801844

A history of astronomical optics in France (2022)


In this paper, we explore the advances made in France in astronomical optics. They were quite important in the seventeenth century thanks to Mersenne, Auzout and Picard. Progress in the eighteenth century was less remarkable and many instruments had to be imported from England, but in the following century the developments were again significant thanks in particular to Arago, Foucault, Fizeau, Loewy and the Henry brothers, working with very competent instrument builders. The French school of optics flourished at the end of the nineteenth century and during the twentieth century, thanks to Fabry, his collaborators and successors, as illustrated by Perot, Chrétien, Lyot, Danjon, Paul, Couder, Courtès, Connes, Labeyrie, Baranne and Lemaitre, among others. However, from time to time there was a trend to build instruments that were too original and with little or no future, at the expense of more conventional but better-adapted instruments.

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Authors & Contributors
Patrick Grelet
Pedro Augusto
Jean-Eudes Arlot
Wall, Wilson John
Jagdev Singh
Jean-Marie Malherbe
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Journal for the History of Astronomy
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
The Organ Yearbook
Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Springer Nature
Springer International
Presses de l'Université de Montréal
Oxford University Press
Duke University Press
Astronomical observatories
Instruments, astronomical
Visual perception
Rösch, Jean
Lépinay, Jules Macé de
Nicati, William
Paracelsus, Theophrast von Hohenheim
Janssen, Jules
Humboldt, Alexander von
Time Periods
Early modern
20th century, late
19th century
Madeira (Portugal)
Québec (Canada)
Observatoire de Paris
Indian Institute of Astrophysics
Mont-Blanc Observatory

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