Article ID: CBB436179532

Enregistrer l’ethnicité au XVIIIe siècle: l’identification des migrants ottomans à la frontière habsbourgeoise / Recording the Ethnicity in the 18th century: The Identification of Ottoman Migrants at the Habsburg Border (2019)

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Following on the heels of the large Mediterranean ports, the Habsburg Monarchy established a quarantine system on its land border with the Ottoman Empire during the 18th century. Originally, traveler identification had a commercial and sanitary purpose, but it swiftly began to address another aim: regulating the peasants’ migrations. With this change, one can see an unexpected association between two practices: on the one hand, imported proceedings from the imperial center that conformed to policing standards debated by European administrators at this time; on the other hand, manorial monitoring of peasants’ mobility. In this context, migrants were identified according to their supposed “nation”. Clothing, which was a marker of social status in the Ottoman lands, came to be considered as a criterion to identify individuals and as an indication of political loyalty beyond the border as early as the 1750s. Twenty-five years later, the way migrating peasants were sorted and allocated land in a specific village was based on linguistic affiliation. The role of ethnicity in registering individual identities was not the result of an anachronistic imperial politics of ethnic difference. It reflected the local knowledge of manorial officers in charge of land settlement, intensified by the extension of the bureaucratic correspondence network.

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Authors & Contributors
Veres, Madalina Valeria
Bonastra, Q.
Spary, E. C.
Atalic, Bruno
Sechel, Teodora Daniela
Maerker, Anna
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis van de Kartografie. Journal for the history of cartography in the Netherlands
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Publishers
University of Pittsburgh
University of Texas Press
Manchester University Press
New York University Press
Cambridge University Press
Fondazione Museo Storico del Trentino
Concepts
Cartography
Borderlands
Public health
Quarantine
Migration
Medicine
People
Haugwitz, Friedrich Wilhelm von
Kaunitz, Wenzel Anton von
Time Periods
18th century
19th century
17th century
16th century
20th century
20th century, early
Places
France
Italy
Vienna (Austria)
United States
Mediterranean region
Ottoman Empire
Institutions
Habsburg, House of
Jesuits (Society of Jesus)
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