Book ID: CBB421940112

Purpose and Cognition: Edward Tolman and the Transformation of American Psychology (2018)

unapi

Carroll, David (Author)


Cambridge University Press


Publication Date: 2018
Physical Details: 282
Language: English

This book discusses the development of Edward Tolman's purposive behaviourism from the 1920s to the 1950s, highlighting the tension between his references to cognitive processes and the dominant behaviourist trends. It shows how Tolman incorporated concepts from European scholars, including Egon Brunswik and the Gestalt psychologists, to justify a more purposive form of behaviourism and how the theory evolved in response to the criticisms of his contemporaries. The manuscript also discusses Tolman's political activities, culminating in his role in the California loyalty oath controversy in the 1950s. Tolman was involved in a number of progressive causes during his lifetime, activities that drew the attention of both state legislators in California and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. It treats Tolman's theoretical and political activities as emanating from the same source, a desire to understand the learning process in a scientific manner and to apply these concepts to improve the human condition.

...More
Reviewed By

Review José M. Gondra (2018) Review of "Purpose and Cognition: Edward Tolman and the Transformation of American Psychology". Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences (pp. 150-151). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB421940112/

Similar Citations

Article Simon Torracinta; (2023)
Maps of desire: Edward Tolman's drive theory of wants (/isis/citation/CBB895271926/)

Book Fred Jerome; Ajamu Baraka; David Suzuki; (2018)
The Einstein File: The FBI's Secret War Against the World's Most Famous Scientist (/isis/citation/CBB991869933/)

Article Clark, David O.; (2005)
From Philosopher to Psychologist: The Early Career of Edwin Ray Guthrie, Jr. (/isis/citation/CBB000630710/)

Article Fangerau, Heiner; (2007)
Biology and War---American Biology and International Science (/isis/citation/CBB000931559/)

Book Gemelli, Giuliana; MacLeod, Roy M.; (2003)
American Foundations in Europe: Grant-Giving Policies, Cultural Diplomacy, and Trans-Atlantic Relations, 1920--1980 (/isis/citation/CBB001035780/)

Book JPat Brown; B. C. D. Lipton; Michael Morisy; (2019)
Scientists Under Surveillance: The FBI Files (/isis/citation/CBB977707696/)

Article Kelly Joslin Holloway; (September 2015)
Normalizing Complaint: Scientists and the Challenge of Commercialization (/isis/citation/CBB582502078/)

Book Timothy Wientzen; (2021)
Automatic: Literary Modernism and the Politics of Reflex (/isis/citation/CBB531268936/)

Thesis Feest, Uljana; (2003)
Operationalism, Experimentation, and Concept Formation (/isis/citation/CBB001561972/)

Book Lemov, Rebecca; (2005)
World as Laboratory: Experiments with Mice, Mazes, and Men (/isis/citation/CBB000741953/)

Book Angela G. Ray; Paul Stob; (2018)
Thinking Together: Lecturing, Learning, and Difference in the Long Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB086840210/)

Article Saulo de Freitas Araujo; Fernando Tavares Saraiva; Marcus Bentes de Carvalho Neto; (2019)
Reevaluating the initial impact of John Broadus Watson on American psychology: The necessity of comparative parameters (/isis/citation/CBB692345477/)

Article Hauptmann, Emily; (2012)
The Ford Foundation and the Rise of Behavioralism in Political Science (/isis/citation/CBB001250204/)

Authors & Contributors
Jerome, Fred
Robinson, Walter V.
Lipton, Beryl C. D.
Brown, J. Patrick
Neto, Marcus Bentes de Carvalho
Saraiva, Fernando Tavares
Journals
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Science and Society
Journal of the History of Biology
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
History of the Human Sciences
Publishers
Baraka Books
The MIT Press
St. Martin's Press
Peter Lang
Pennsylvania State University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Concepts
Science and politics
Behaviorism
Psychology
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Funding and finance
Surveillance
People
Einstein, Albert
Kalašnikov, Mihail Timofeevič
Leary, Timothy
Rosenfeld, Arthur H.
Hockett, Charles Francis (1916-2000)
Craven, John P.
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
19th century
21st century
18th century
Places
United States
Europe
Canada
Soviet Union
Great Britain
Institutions
United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
University of California, Berkeley
Ford Foundation
Radio Corporation of America
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment