Chapter ID: CBB417909038

Five Eighteenth-Century Medical Polymaths (2013)

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Five eighteenth-century medical men, like many of their contemporaries, achieved renown for their medical skills and research abilities. They lived during an exciting period marked by the questioning of many traditional beliefs. Coeval scientific achievements increased knowledge of the challenging natural world around them. Outside medicine, John Wall (1708–1776) established the fashionable spa of Malvern, known for the purity of its water, and co-founded the prestigious Worcester Porcelain Company. Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802) had a remarkably inventive mind ranging over many interests, including canal construction, steering equipment for carriages and a copying machine for documents. Edward Jenner (1749–1823) was interested in bird migration, and researched the brood parasitism of the cuckoo. His vaccination of cowpox to prevent smallpox eventually led to the elimination of the disease in 1980. Caleb Parry (1755–1822) practised medicine in Bath and was admired for his knowledge and integrity. He was interested in sheep and produced high-quality merino wool. Since boyhood he had hunted for fossils with his friend, Edward Jenner. John MacCulloch (1773–1835) produced the first geological map of Scotland, published posthumously in 1836. A prolific writer, his book on the Western Isles (1819) is considered a classic.

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Book C. J. Duffin; R. T. J. Moody; C. Gardner-Thorpe (2013) A History of Geology and Medicine. unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Smith, Christopher Upham Murray
Gardner-Thorpe, Christopher
Louis-Courvoisier, Micheline
Knoeff, Rina
Putnam, Constance E.
Brodsky, Alyn
Journals
Journal of Medical Biography
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Early American Studies
Medicina Historica
Publishers
Edita
Truman Talley
Ashgate Publishing
Oxford University Press
Georg Editeur
Missouri Botanical Garden Press
Concepts
Physicians; doctors
Biographies
Medicine
Natural history
Botany
Chemistry
People
Darwin, Erasmus
Boerhaave, Herman
Smith, Nathan
Rush, Benjamin
Calvet, Esprit-Claude Francois
Tissot, Simon André
Places
Great Britain
United States
France
Vietnam
Germany
Switzerland
Times
18th century
19th century
17th century
Enlightenment
Edo Era (Japan, 1603-1868)
Institutions
University of Edinburgh
Halle-Wittenberg. Universität
Great Britain. Royal Navy
Uppsala Universitet
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