Article ID: CBB416422075

Poincaré and Duhem: Resonances in their First Epistemological Reflections (2017)

unapi

The object of this article is to show a certain proximity of Duhem to Poincaré in his first philosophical reflections. I study the relationships between the scientific practices of the two scholars, the contemporary theoretical context and their reflections. The first part of the article concerns the changes in epistemological consensus at the turn of the century. The second part will be devoted to Poincaré's reflections on the status of physical geometries and physical theories, as they appear in his texts written around 1890. Then I analyze the first reflections of Pierre Duhem on physical theory, in particular his thesis of the hypothetical/symbolic character of physical theories and his criteria for selecting good theories, partly associated with his ideal of physical theory; the whole set of considerations, highlighting the Poincarean inspiration.

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Authors & Contributors
Ivanova, Milena
Fortino, Mirella
Bordoni, Stefano
Gould, Stephen Jay
Poincaré, Henri
Stoffel, Jean-François
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Revue d'Histoire des Mathématiques
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Hyle
European Physical Journal H
Publishers
Aracne
Edizioni ETS
Modern Library
Parerga Verlag
Concepts
Epistemology
Philosophy
Philosophy of science
Physics
History of philosophy of science
Methodology of science; scientific method
People
Duhem, Pierre
Poincaré, Jules Henri
Mach, Ernst
Boltzmann, Ludwig
Maxwell, James Clerk
Le Roy, Edouard
Time Periods
19th century
20th century, early
20th century
Places
Europe
France
Prague (Czechia)
United States
Germany
Austro-hungary
Institutions
Vienna Circle
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