Article ID: CBB403225677

Keeping Vaccination Simple: Building French Immunization Schedules, 1959–1999 (2020)


This article explores the history of the immunization schedule—a table that orders mandatory and recommended vaccines and their boosters through time. My study focuses on France, from the late 1950s to the 1990s. A couple of conferences at the turn of the 1960s set the parameters for immunization schedules, providing insights into their expected disciplinary functions. In the wake of these conferences, a long series of clinical trials aimed to simplify and rationalize the schedules. These trials were carried out by the International Children's Center (ICC), an institution whose aim transitioned in the mid-1960s from the standardization of the sole vaccine against tuberculosis to the simplification of the expanding immunization device for children. I draw from the ICC's experimental work on schedules to define "simplification" with regard to the notion of standardization.

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Authors & Contributors
Gachelin, Gabriel
Simon, Jonathan
Gradmann, Christoph
Hess, Volker
Rodríguez Sánchez, Juan Antonio
Seco Calvo, J.
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Science in Context
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Health and History
Comparative Studies in Society and History
Prometheus Books
Harvard University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of Chicago
University of California, San Francisco
Duke University Press
Public health
Vaccines; vaccination
Medicine and government
Disease and diseases
Pasteur, Louis
Koch, Robert
Roux, Émile
Behring, Emil von
Salk, Jonas Edward
United States
20th century, late
19th century
21st century
20th century, early
20th century
Institut Pasteur, Paris
Institut für Infektionskrankheiten, Berlin
World Health Organization (WHO)

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