Article ID: CBB399574473

Dogs for Life: Beagles, Drugs, and Capital in the Twentieth Century (2022)

unapi

This article tracks the transformation of beagle dogs from a common breed in mid-twentieth century American laboratories to the de jure standard in global toxicological research by the turn of the twenty-first. The breed was dispersed widely due to the expanding use of dogs in pharmacology in the 1950s and a worldwide crisis around pharmaceutical safety following the thalidomide scandal of the 1960s. Nevertheless, debates continued for decades over the beagle’s value as a model of carcinogenicity, even as the dogs became legislated stand-ins for human beings in multiple countries. Situating beagles as a biocommodity, the article calls for more sustained attention to the “political economy” of laboratory organism breeding, use, and production. The story of American commercial breeder Marshall Farms offers insight into the role of for-profit companies in contemporary laboratory animal provision, as the article makes a case for the value of a global perspective on transnational corporations as key sites of scientific practice and collaboration.

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Article Brad Bolman (2022) Introduction: What Right? Which Organisms? Why Jobs?. Journal of the History of Biology (pp. 3-13). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Brad Bolman
Herran, Néstor
Smocovitis, Vassiliki Betty
Rheinberger, Hans-Jörg
Pemberton, Neil
Kirk, Robert
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Endeavour: Review of the Progress of Science
Publishers
Harvard University Press
Concepts
Experimental organisms
Laboratory techniques and procedures
Laboratory animals
Genetics
Animal experimentation
Standardization and standards
People
Babcock, E. B. (Ernest Brown)
Stewart, Sarah
Gross, Ludwik
Bustad, Leo K.
Time Periods
20th century
21st century
20th century, late
19th century
Places
United States
Europe
Sweden
Great Britain
United Kingdom
Washington (state, U.S.)
Institutions
University of California, Berkeley
Hanford Nuclear Site (Washington)
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