Article ID: CBB396282729

Gradus Dimetiri: intensity and classification of complexions in 14th-century Italian medicine (2022)

unapi

This paper focuses on the scholastic approach to the intensity of complexions and presents some evidence as to how the meaning of complexio evolved in fourteenth-century Italian medicine: namely, how it was conceptualized, visualized, and finally quantified. In the first part, I summarize the philosophical development of complexio, pointing out how the concept differs from simple mixtures, thereby allowing for the mathematisation of compounds and their intensity. I then move on to consider the links between medicine and mathematics and present the schemes provided by Gentile Gentili da Foligno (1280/90 - 1348) as a case study, analysing their philosophical premises and implications for medical treatment more generally. In the final part, I argue that, quite aside from representing early forms of the mathematisation of qualities, schemata and diagrams also captured the medieval ideal of the cosmos, a hierarchical progression of forms ordered in ascending degrees of perfection and nobility.

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Authors & Contributors
Corvi, Antonio
Cipriani, Giovanni
García Valverde, José Manuel
Radici, Livia
Voskoboynikov, Oleg
Valacchi, Maria Luisa
Journals
Atti e Memorie, Rivista di Storia della Farmacia
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Technai, An International Journal for Ancient Science and Technology
Cahiers de recherches médiévales et humanistes. Journal of medieval and humanistic studies
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Publishers
Edizioni ETS
Nicomp
Olschki
Brepols
Concepts
Medicine
Pharmacology
Pharmacy
Natural philosophy
Therapeutics
Scholasticism
People
Cardano, Girolamo
Galen
Aristotle
Buridan, Jean
Lancaster, Henry, Earl of,
Ibn al-Nafis
Time Periods
19th century
14th century
Medieval
13th century
Renaissance
16th century
Places
Italy
Europe
France
Netherlands
England
Florence (Italy)
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