Article ID: CBB386674127

Adaptive Fuel Procurement in Nineteenth-Century Great Plains Landscapes (2021)

unapi

Harnessing energy for cooking, heating, eating, and travel is a fundamental human requirement and, prior to fossil fuel adoption, much energy was derived from local landscapes. In the North American Great Plains, the nineteenth century was a period of rapid social-ecological change, and adaptive fuel procurement was at its core. Here, we review nineteenth-century accounts of energy acquisition and use in Great Plains landscapes, documenting the utilities, renewabilities and geographic distributions of important organic fuels, excluding coal. Native and Euro-Americans devised and adopted diverse strategies for accessing energy stored in herbaceous biomass and woody biomass, which, although variable in form, availability, specific energy and energy density, could generally be obtained locally and regenerate relatively quickly. Three forms of herbaceous biomass - forage (undigested), buffalo chips (partially digested) and pemmican (metabolized) - were associated with ubiquity of prairie vegetation and bison, whereas woody biomass was a rarer fuel largely restricted to lowlands and decreasing from east to west. Amidst transformational waves of colonisation in dynamic environments, seasonal strategies for securing energy locally were supplanted by strategies of fuel storage and importation. All fuel-based adaptations had social-ecological causes and consequences and, in nineteenth century plains landscapes, colonisation facilitated rapid, cross-cultural exchanges of fuel sources, technologies, strategies for increasing energy access and human environmental influences that collectively shaped regional environmental history.

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Authors & Contributors
Jones, Christopher F.
Cataldi, Raffaele
Pursell, Carroll W.
Black, Brian C.
Shulman, Peter Adam
Tatarchuk, Vitaliy
Journals
Environmental History
Technology and Culture
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change
Science as Culture
Research in the History of Technology
IEEE Technology and Society Magazine
Publishers
University of Nebraska Press
Edizioni ETS
Rowman & Littlefield
Il Formichiere
Texas A&M University Press
UCL Press
Concepts
Energy resources and technologies
Fuels and fuel technology
Environmental history
Biofuels; biomass energy
Technology and environment, relationship
Coal and coal mining
Places
United States
Great Plains (North America)
Italy
Great Britain
Soviet Union
Colorado (U.S.)
Times
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
18th century
21st century
Ancient
Institutions
International Committee for the History of Technology
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