Article ID: CBB376594915

Doctors, families and the industry in the clinic: The management of ‘intersex’ children in Swiss paediatric medicine (1945–1970) (2021)


This manuscript investigates clinical decisions and the management of ‘intersex’ children at the University Children’s Hospital Zurich between 1945 and 1970. This was an era of rapid change in paediatric medicine, something that was mirrored in Zurich. Andrea Prader, the principal figure in this paper, started his career during the late 1940s and was instrumental in moving the hospital towards focusing more on expertise in chronic diseases. Starting in 1950, he helped the Zurich hospital to become the premier centre for the treatment of so-called ‘intersex’ children. It is this treatment, and, in particular, the clinical decision-making that is the centre of our article. This field of medicine was itself not stable. Rapid development of diagnostic tools led to the emergence of new diagnostic categories, the availability of new drugs changed the management of the children’s bodies and an increased number of medical experts became involved in decision-making, a particular focus lay with the role of the children themselves and of course with their families. How involved were children or their families in an era widely known as the golden age of medicine?

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Authors & Contributors
Vernon, James
Thompson, Charis
Green, Monica
Szuter, Christine
Thompson, Victoria
Wyss-Wanner, Maja
Österreichische Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaften
Medical History
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Science as Culture
Juris Druck & Verlag
Stanford University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Cambridge University
University of California, Berkeley
Hospitals and clinics
Public health
Human body
Meierhofer, Marie
Kanner, Leo
Park, Edwards
West, Charles
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
18th century
20th century, late
Early modern
Great Britain
London (England)
South Korea
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
Royal Hospital for Sick Children (Glasgow)
Royal Children's Hospital (Melbourne)

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