Article ID: CBB372443713

The Third Man: Robert Dunn’s (1799–1877) Contribution to Aphasia Research in Mid-Nineteenth-Century England (2016)

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Throughout his medical career, Robert Dunn (1799–1877) published a number of clinical cases with postmortem reports involving acquired language disorders, with the first noted in 1842. He developed a physiologically informed approach to psychological function during the 1850s along with a group of notable colleagues Benjamin Collins Brodie, Henry Holland, Thomas Laycock, John Daniel Morell, and Daniel Noble. He was also active in ethnographic research on human origins and racial diversity. As such, Dunn represents an interesting player in the developing fields of neurology, psychology, and anthropology in England in the latter part of the nineteenth century. These various strands converged at the meeting of the British Association of the Advancement of Science in 1868, where Dunn shared the program of lectures on the cutting-edge topic of aphasia with Paul Broca (1824–1880) and John Hughlings Jackson (1835–1911). Dunn’s ideas developed over a longer time frame than his younger colleagues and as such represent a unique blending of concepts from the earlier work of Franz Josef Gall (1758–1828) and Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud (1798–1881) to the perspectives on language organization in the brain developed after 1861.

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Authors & Contributors
Eling, Paul
Withers, Charles W. J.
Finnegan, Diarmid A.
Higgitt, Rebekah
Malabou, Catherine
Constable, Marianne
Journals
Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Historiographia Linguistica: International Journal for the History of the Language Sciences
British Journal for the History of Science
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Publishers
The Wellcome Trust Center for the History of Medicine at University College London
University of California, Berkeley
University of Washington
Palgrave Macmillan
McGill-Queen's University Press
Concepts
Psychology
Brain localization
Neurology
Medicine
Neurophysiology
Neurosciences
People
Jackson, John Hughlings
Gall, Franz Joseph
Bouillaud, Jean Baptiste
Broca, Paul
Dax, Marc
Horsley, Victor, Sir
Places
Great Britain
London (England)
Germany
England
France
Melbourne (Victoria, Australia)
Times
19th century
20th century, early
18th century
17th century
20th century
Institutions
British Association for the Advancement of Science
Oxford University
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