Article ID: CBB371269926

A Contribution to the History of the Herbaria of George Clifford III (1685–1760) (2018)


The herbarium of the wealthy banker George Clifford III, who lived near Haarlem in the Netherlands, was studied by Linnaeus. It forms the basis for Hortus Cliffortianus (1738), one of the principal works on which his famous Species plantarum (1753) was founded. It is this close relationship between Clifford's herbarium and Hortus Cliffortianus together with the frequency with which Linnaeus cited species accounts from that work in the synonymy of accounts in Species plantarum which makes it highly important in the light of the typification of Linnaean plant names. It is well known that the main body of Clifford's herbarium is held at the Natural History Museum, London. Less well known is the existence of a much smaller collection now held at the Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden. Most of the plants in the London set are mounted with printed vases and ribbons, and have decorative labels. Similar ornaments also occur in the Leiden Clifford herbarium. The use of such ornaments was widespread in the Nethe...

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Authors & Contributors
Nelson, E. Charles
Bernschneider-Reif, Sabine
Friedrich, Christoph
Ghiselin, Michael T.
Breidbach, Olaf
Randall, Robert
Studium: Tijdschrift voor Wetenschaps- en Universiteitgeschiedenis
Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology
Annals of Science: The History of Science and Technology
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Atti e Memorie, Rivista di Storia della Farmacia
Strawberry Tree
HES and De Graaf Publishers
Reaktion Books
Geological Society of America
Natural history
Collectors and collecting
Herbals and bestiaries
Linnaeus, Carolus
Kircher, Athanasius
Paracelsus, Theophrast von Hohenheim
Hartlieb, Johannes
Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus
Lull, Ramón
Time Periods
18th century
17th century
19th century
16th century
Early modern
Great Britain
Padua (Italy)
Museum Boerhaave (Leiden)
Dutch East India Company
East India Company (English)

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