Article ID: CBB371152315

Managing Chineseness: Neurasthenia and psychiatry in Taiwan in the second half of the twentieth century (2022)


The present study investigates the role of Taiwanese psychiatrists in turning neurasthenia into a culture-specific disease in the late twentieth century. It first delineates the shift in both explanatory models of psychoneuroses and patient population in post-World War II Taiwan. Neurasthenia became a focus of international attention in the 1970s and 1980s with the advance of cultural psychiatry, and, as China was closed to the outside world, Taiwanese psychiatrists were influential in framing the cultural meaning of neurasthenia. With the rise of post-socialist China, Taiwan lost its status as a key laboratory of Chinese studies. This paper argues that the history of neurasthenia during the period was closely associated with the professional development and national identity of Taiwanese psychiatrists.

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Authors & Contributors
Halliwell, Martin
Hilton, Claire
Hawthorne, Susan
Ramos, Marco A.
Jasen, Patricia
Molina, Andrés Ríos
History of Psychiatry
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Canadian Historical Review
Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Rutgers University Press
University of California, San Diego
Mental disorders and diseases
Medicine and politics
Medicine and society
Psychiatric hospitals
Medicine and culture
Fromm, Erich
Erikson, Erik H.
Menninger, Family
Marcuse, Herbert
Goffman, Erving
Basaglia, Franco
Time Periods
20th century, late
21st century
20th century
20th century, early
19th century
United States
Great Britain

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