Article ID: CBB366483446

Taking Newton on Tour: The Scientific Travels of Martin Folkes, 1733–1735 (2017)

unapi

Martin Folkes (1690–1754) was Newton's protégé, an English antiquary, mathematician, numismatist and astronomer who would in the latter part of his career become simultaneously president of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries. Folkes took a Grand Tour from March 1733 to September 1735, recording the Italian leg of his journey from Padua to Rome in his journal. This paper examines Folkes's travel diary to analyse his Freemasonry, his intellectual development as a Newtonian and his scientific peregrination. It shows how, in this latter area, how he used metrology to understand not only the aesthetics but also the engineering principles of antique buildings and artefacts, as well as their context and place in the Italian landscape. Using Folkes's diary, his account book of his journey in the Norwich archives, and his correspondence with other natural philosophers such as Francesco Algarotti (1712–1764), Anders Celsius (1701–1744) and Abbé Antonio Schinella Conti (1667–1749), this paper will also demonstrate to what extent Folkes's journey established his reputation as an international broker of Newtonianism, as well as the overall primacy of English scientific instrumentation to Italian virtuosi.

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Authors & Contributors
Hamer, Mary
Friesen, John
Findlen, Paula
Mazzotti, Massimo
Haycock, David Boyd
Money, John
Journals
British Journal for the History of Science
Galilæana: Journal of Galilean Studies
History of Science
Science in Context
Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire
Publishers
Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura
Boydell Press
Leo S. Olschki
Brepols
Continuum International Publishing Group
McGill University (Canada)
Concepts
Newtonianism
Science and literature
Correspondence and corresponding
Natural philosophy
Science and religion
Freemasonry
People
Algarotti, Francesco
Newton, Isaac
Galilei, Galileo
Desaguliers, John Theophilus
Castelli, Benedetto
Tiepolo, Giovanni Battista
Places
Italy
England
Europe
Scotland
Great Britain
France
Times
18th century
17th century
19th century
Institutions
Royal Society of London
Royal Botanical Society, London
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