Article ID: CBB365137879

Lesser Known Aspects of Ludwik Fleck’s (1896–1961) Heroic Life During World War II (2016)


Professor Ludwik Fleck was a famous scientist and a prominent philosopher. Although his life and work were studied extensively, the Second World War period was a subject of some discussion and controversy. On account of his Jewish origin, he was first arrested and moved from the Lwów ghetto to the ‘Laokoon’ factory and then imprisoned in KL Auschwitz-Birkenau and in KL Buchenwald. Fleck produced the anti-typhus vaccine in the chemo-bacteriological laboratory in the Jewish Hospital at Kuszewicza Street and in the ‘Laokoon’ factory in Lwów. During his incarceration in KL Auschwitz-Birkenau, Fleck worked in the camp laboratory in Block 10 carrying out bacteriological studies for the inmates and then was assigned to work in the Wasserman station in Rajsko. From January 1944 Fleck performed routine laboratory tests in Block 50 in KL Buchenwald. Though Fleck had a privileged life in the camp, he participated in the sabotage activities organized by the camp resistance.

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Authors & Contributors
Lindenmann, Jean
Medawar, Jean
Perutz, Max F.
Pyke, David
Stoltzenberg, Dietrich J.
Hedfors, Eva
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Journal of Medical Biography
Holocaust and Genocide Studies
Nuova Rivista di Storia della Medicina
Arcade Publishing
Chemical Heritage Press
Text. Verlag.
Polity Press
Science and politics
World War II
National Socialism
Fleck, Ludwik
Jona, Giuseppe
Levi, Giuseppe
Schaudinn, Friedrich
Siegel, Carl Ludwig
Haber, Fritz
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Great Britain
United States
Venice (Italy)
International Red Cross

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