Article ID: CBB361333452

Pathologizing the Crisis: Psychiatry, Policing, and Racial Liberalism in the Long Community Mental Health Movement (2019)


The community mental health movement has been generally regarded as a benevolent movement that replaced old notions of psychiatric racism with new ideas about the normality of race. Few studies, however, have explored the movement for its active support for new surveillance and policing strategies, particularly broken windows theory, a policing approach partly responsible for the expansion of prisons in the United States after the 1970s. Looking to racially liberal approaches to psychiatry in the 1960s and 1970s crafted by integrationist psychiatrist Louis Jolyon West and black nationalist psychiatrist J. Alfred Cannon at the University of California, Los Angeles, this essay demonstrates that cultural and biological explanations for racial violence in civil rights and black nationalist discourses renewed surveillance on poor people of color that resulted in increased forms of incarceration, segregation, and discrimination for them by the 1980s. Rather than forward racial justice, I argue that psychiatric discourses arguing for the racial sameness of white and black minds in the 1960s and 1970s relied on scientific and cultural narratives centered on child development, gender, and sexuality that obscured the processes of racial capitalism that continued to produce poverty and sickness in black communities.

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Article Nancy Tomes; Kathleen W Jones (2019) Introduction. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences (pp. 1-14). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Doyle, Dennis
Summers, Martin
Segrest, Mab
Metzl, Jonathan Michel
Kaplan, Mary
Sankar, Pamela
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
American Quarterly
Medical History
Journal of American History
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
University Press of America
Brill Rodopi
University of California, San Diego
The New Press
Oxford University Press
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Medicine and race
African Americans and science
African Americans
Mental disorders and diseases
Fuller, Solomon Carter
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
United States
New York City (New York, U.S.)
Georgia (U.S.)
South Africa
North America

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