Article ID: CBB349719694

Researching public policy in the making: The Ecuadorian Law of Entrepreneurship and Innovation (2020)


Innovation policy in Ecuador is an exceptional case study that explores how knowledge used to inform design is socially embedded in relationships of political authority. In this case, it was possible to unfold the range of values and conflicts that policy actors confront in order to incorporate the innovation imperative to policy design. By opening the black box of policy design, we studied the formulation of the innovation policy problem from a bottom-up strategy led by nongovernmental actors, where innovation has become a framing device to formulate policy problems as problems of innovation. As a result, innovation has become a policy paradigm based on the hierarchization of knowledge, where expert knowledge is superior to lay knowledge. Therefore, experts can provide concrete remedies to tackle innovation deficits. This paper explains how innovation policy is driven by traveling imaginaries that once they are highly shared, they work as programmatic ideas in the policy design process. We use the innovation deficit model and policy networks to unravel the relations established by actors and institutions during the problem framing, and the negotiations of influence and domination that they exercised in order to position their programmatic ideas under the innovation imperative.

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Authors & Contributors
Sebastian Pfotenhauer
Quiroga, Juan Martín
Yoshizawa, Go
Mikami, Koichi
Oge, Margo T.
M. Houston Johnson
Science, Technology, and Human Values
The Journal of Transport History
Technology's Stories
Technology and Culture
Social Studies of Science
The MIT Press
Editorial UNRN
Texas A&M University Press
Princeton University Press
Oxford University Press
MIT Press
Technological innovation
Public policy
Technology and State
Science and technology studies (STS)
Technology and politics
Time Periods
21st century
20th century
20th century, late
United States
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Ovonic Battery Company
European Commission
Matsushita Electrical Industry Company, Ltd.
Toyota Motor Corporation
General Motors Corporation

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