Article ID: CBB346042760

Inference by Analogy and the Progress of Knowledge: From Reflection to Determination in Judgements of Natural Purpose (2015)

unapi

In this paper, I argue that Darwin's On the Origin of Species can be interpreted as the culmination of an extended exercise of what Kant called ‘the reflecting power of judgement’ that issued in a form of reasoning that Hegel associates with inference by analogy and that Peirce associates with hypothesis and later assimilates to abduction. After some exegetical and rationally reconstructive work, I support this reading by (1) showing that Darwin's theory of natural selection gave us a way of understanding the purposive character of organic generation and growth that does not rely on an analogy with intentional agency and (2) outlining some of the uses to which this new understanding was put in reasoning about mind and society by American intellectuals in the second half of the nineteenth century. In the process I hope to shed some light on the relationship between mechanistic and purposive explanation in judgements of nature.

...More
Included in

Article Robert Stern (2015) Introduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy (pp. 601-610). unapi

Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB346042760/

Similar Citations

Chapter Ruse, Michael; (2010)
Evolution and the Idea of Social Progress (/isis/citation/CBB001020305/)

Article Ruse, Michael; (2005)
Darwinism and Mechanism: Metaphor in Science (/isis/citation/CBB000770691/)

Article Gayon, Jean; (2010)
Sexual Selection: Another Darwinian Process (/isis/citation/CBB001211674/)

Chapter Tolman, Charles W.; (2001)
Philosophic Doubts About Psychology as a Natural Science (/isis/citation/CBB000102779/)

Article Beiser, Frederick; (2003)
Hegel and Naturphilosophie (/isis/citation/CBB000340874/)

Book Novoa, Adriana; Levine, Alex; (2010)
From Man to Ape: Darwinism in Argentina, 1870--1920 (/isis/citation/CBB001033350/)

Book Dudley, Will; (2008)
Understanding German Idealism (/isis/citation/CBB000850360/)

Book Düsing, Klaus; (2002)
Subjektivität und Freiheit: Untersuchungen zum Idealismus von Kant bis Hegel (/isis/citation/CBB000600346/)

Thesis Pajewski, Alessandro; (2012)
The Face of Nature: Hume and Darwin on Analogy and Emotion (/isis/citation/CBB001561023/)

Article Smith, Roger; (2013)
Why and How Do I Write the History of Science? (/isis/citation/CBB001420389/)

Essay Review Richards, Evelleen; (2012)
Survey Review (/isis/citation/CBB001566339/)

Book Hodge, M. J. S.; (2008)
Before and after Darwin: Origins, Species, Cosmogonies, and Ontologies (/isis/citation/CBB000952045/)

Article Marco Mazzeo; (2013)
Gli errori di Darwin? Evoluzione e storia naturale (/isis/citation/CBB744523130/)

Book Johnson, Dirk R.; (2010)
Nietzsche's Anti-Darwinism (/isis/citation/CBB001023122/)

Book Bowler, Peter J.; (2003)
Evolution: The History of an Idea (/isis/citation/CBB000410944/)

Book Kelley, Theresa M.; (2012)
Clandestine Marriage: Botany and Romantic Culture (/isis/citation/CBB001321257/)

Authors & Contributors
Ruse, Michael
Franks, Paul
Mazzeo, Marco
Thomas Khurana
Zammito, John H.
Tolman, Charles W.
Concepts
Philosophy
Evolution
Darwinism
Progress, ideas of
Natural selection
Idealism (philosophy)
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century
21st century
Places
Germany
Great Britain
Argentina
Latin America
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment