Article ID: CBB341139331

David Mellor at the California Institute of Technology, 1937–8, the beginnings of Australian magnetochemistry (2020)

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David Paver Mellor (1903–80) was a physical inorganic chemist of significant influence in coordination chemistry and chemical education in Australia. He retired in 1970 after a brief appointment as dean of the Faculty of Science at the University of New South Wales, having been head of the School of Chemistry there for more than a decade. Mellor had been appointed to the staff of the University of Sydney in 1929 and was one of the first Australians to use X-ray diffraction techniques for the determination of crystal structures. In 1936 he applied for a year of leave to work with Linus Pauling at the California Institute of Technology, particularly to learn more about crystal structure analysis. On sabbatical leave he spent a period of one year across 1937–8 in California where he carried out work on X-ray diffraction in Linus Pauling’s laboratory. Two 1939 articles in Zeitschrift für Kristallographie appeared under his sole authorship as contributions from the California Institute of Technology. Perhaps more significantly, he published a 1938 Journal of the American Chemical Society paper with Charles D. Coryell on the magnetic properties of manganese(II) and cobalt(II) dipyridine chlorides. Mellor returned to Australia fired with enthusiasm for magnetochemistry. He built a magnetic balance and published many papers on the magnetic properties of coordination compounds with collaborators and students. Australian coordination chemistry has a strong tradition in magnetochemistry and that tradition started with Mellor’s work at the University of Sydney.

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Authors & Contributors
Lomb, Nick
Goodstein, Judith R.
Alison Lynn McManus
Gantet, Claire
Trevor W. Hambley
Jonathan R. Topham
Journals
Physics in Perspective
Historical Records of Australian Science
Notices of the American Mathematical Society
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences
Publishers
University of Pittsburgh Press
University of Chicago Press
Springer
Princeton University Press
Oxford University Press
Johns Hopkins University Press
Concepts
Scientific communities; interprofessional relations
Scholarly publishing
Communication within scientific contexts
Communication of scientific ideas
Physical chemistry
Inorganic chemistry
People
Pauling, Linus Carl
Freeman, Hans Charles
Scheele, Carl Wilhelm
Petiver, James
Ostwald, Friedrich Wilhelm
Oppenheimer, J. Robert
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
18th century
19th century
17th century
Early modern
Places
Australia
United States
England
New Zealand
Italy
New Mexico (U.S.)
Institutions
California Institute of Technology
Astronomical Society of Australia
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
University of California, Berkeley
University of Sydney
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
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