Article ID: CBB335033451

La peste a Bologna nel 1527. La Madonna del Soccorso e le motivazioni storiche di una sentita devozione popolare (2020)


In Italy in the year 1527, following the invasion of lansquenetes headed by Georg von Frundsberg, a part of the army sent by Charles V to Italy to subjugate the Italian states who adhered to the Cognac leages, the bubonic plague appeared. In Bologna during the year 1527 the believeres held a procession from the Sanctuary of the Madonna del Soccorso, through the city, until the S. Rocco church. The reason of this practice was linked with the plague epidemic. After the discovery of some cases of plague in the Borgo di San Pietro district, the heritage reports the miracle of the interruption of the epidemics, thanks to the intervention of Our Lady. Later, after several decades, some authors from Bologna, who were not witnesses of the facts, reported that the epidemic had involved 12,000 persons out of an overall population of around 60,000 people, at that time. We reevaluated this situation starting from demographic data of the Bologna citizens of the XV, XVI and XVII centuries; furthermore, we performed a search by the State Archives of the city of Bologna, to look for eventual public notices coming from city authorities in the year 1527, aimed to counteract the plague epidemic. Our investigation did find elements supporting the plague epidemics. During the entire century until 1590, the population significantly grew, and no public notices or specific laws were diffused to face the plague until the year 1557. However, it remains possible that in the quoted area some episodes of plague occurred, but luckily it was a microepidemic who involved a very poor area of the city, which went to a self-limitation.

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Authors & Contributors
Erkoreka, Anton
Jenner, Mark S. R.
Crawshaw, Jane L. Stevens
Byrne, Joseph Patrick
Murison, Justine S.
Tannenbaum, Rebecca J.
William and Mary Quarterly
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Seventeenth Century
Mefisto: Rivista di medicina, filosofia, storia
Nuova Rivista di Storia della Medicina
Cierre edizioni
Ashgate Publishing
In riga Edizioni
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Public health
Medicine and literature
Disease and diseases
Leonardo da Vinci
Donzellini, Girolamo
Ripamonti, Giuseppe
Time Periods
17th century
16th century
Early modern
15th century
United States
Venice (Italy)
Milan (Italy)

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