Article ID: CBB330401225

Preserved Worlds: Vulnerability, Ontology, and the Logics of Standards (2020)

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Standards are linked to specifications about scaling, safety, feasibility and suitability. The threshold setting process defines the environment in which the standards are meaningful to a given community and the conditions of vulnerability implied by their absence. This paper will discuss the role of standards in defining safety conditions for endangered bird species in urban environments and in designing closed environments for polio patients during the 1950s, the infamous iron lungs, which are still rarely used today. The aim is to explore how standards are involved in defining preservation strategies and the shortcomings of their systematic implementation in this regard. The interdependence of technological standards and the increasing amount of information handled are joining cultural assemblages to question the objectives of preservation in artificial environments, urging the question of what we are preserving. This raises the issue of the relationship between stabilisations through epistemic tools and ontological continuity and robustness in dense technological environments.

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Article Javier Ordóñez; Antonio Sánchez (2020) Introduction: Standards in the History of Contemporary Science. HOST: Journal of History of Science and Technology (pp. 1-5). unapi

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http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB330401225/

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Authors & Contributors
Ballester, R.
Porras, M-I
Manganiello, Christopher J.
Lorimer, Jamie
Barrow, Mark V., Jr.
Benson, Etienne Samuel
Journals
Journal of the History of Biology
Business and Economic History On-Line
British Journal for the History of Science
Environment and History
Asclepio: Archivo Iberoamericano de Historia de la Medicina
Social Studies of Science
Publishers
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MIT
Yale University Press
University of Chicago Press
The University of Utah Press
The College of William and Mary
Concepts
Endangered species
Wildlife conservation
Birds
Standardization and standards
Medical technology
Environmental sciences
People
Kerridge, Phyllis M. Tookey
Grinnell, George Bird
Newton, Alfred
Paz Graells, Mariano de la
Places
United States
Great Britain
Spain
India
Southern states (U.S.)
Scotland
Times
20th century, late
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
21st century
Institutions
National Health Service (Great Britain)
National Audubon Society
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