Article ID: CBB328901722

From Georgian traders to Victorian glass makers: The evolution of the Chance family business and its role in developing glass manufacturing (2020)

unapi

The firm of Chance Brothers became the major British manufacturer of optical and lighthouse glass during the second half of the nineteenth century. But this specialised business grew out of a number of precursor partnerships and companies in the West Midlands and Bristol regions dating back into the eighteenth century which among, other items, manufactured window glass. In a number of instances, for example by employing French workers to transfer Continental techniques to England, these earlier businesses foreshadowed later practices of their successor. This paper examines the development of these family-based businesses until the mid-nineteenth century. It argues that their innovatory technical, engineering and manufacturing practices were shaped by many social and cultural influences. In this case of Chance, these included: intra-family relationships; educational provision; the supply of capital, where connections with the slave trade were significant; and a profound understanding of how to use the tax system for maximising profit. What is striking compared to the contemporary Midland businesses of the Wedgwoods or of Boulton and Watt, is the lack of interest by the Chance family until mid-century in using scientific knowledge and method.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB328901722/

Similar Citations

Book Trinder, Barrie Stuart; (2013)
Britain's Industrial Revolution: The Making of a Manufacturing People, 1700--1870 (/isis/citation/CBB001421820/) unapi

Article Coverdale, Tony; (2017)
The Ingenious Mr. Padmore: Eighteenth-century Polymath (/isis/citation/CBB912081467/) unapi

Article Nuvolari, Alessandro; (2004)
Collective invention during the British Industrial Revolution: The case of the Cornish pumping engine (/isis/citation/CBB001180619/) unapi

Book Robert Bickers; (2020)
China Bound: John Swire & Sons and Its World, 1816–1980 (/isis/citation/CBB392202083/) unapi

Book Allen, Douglas W.; (2012)
The Institutional Revolution: Measurement and the Economic Emergence of the Modern World (/isis/citation/CBB001320973/) unapi

Article Arnaud Bartolomei; Matthieu de Oliveira; Boris Deschanel; Thomas Mollanger; (Spring 2021)
The Making of Commercial Innovations: The Use of Printed Commercial Circular Letters in France and Europe, 1750-1850 (/isis/citation/CBB204104713/) unapi

Article Peter M. Solar; Klas Rönnbäck; (2015)
Copper sheathing and the British slave trade (/isis/citation/CBB786137923/) unapi

Article Robert Fitzgerald; (2017)
International Business and the Development of British Electrical Manufacturing, 1886–1929 (/isis/citation/CBB583254224/) unapi

Book Russell, Ben; (2014)
James Watt: Making the World Anew (/isis/citation/CBB001510127/) unapi

Article William P. Kennedy; P. J. R. Delargy; (Summer 2020)
Shorting the Future? Capital Markets and the Launch of the British Electrical Industry, 1882–1892 (/isis/citation/CBB570854750/) unapi

Article Catherine Casson; Mark Dodgson; (Summer 2019)
Designing for Innovation: Cooperation and Competition in English Cotton, Silk, and Pottery Firms, 1750–1860 (/isis/citation/CBB799382467/) unapi

Book Johan Mathew; (2016)
Margins of the Market: Trafficking and Capitalism across the Arabian Sea (/isis/citation/CBB767549347/) unapi

Book Henning Hillmann; (2021)
The corsairs of Saint-Malo: network organization of a merchant elite under the Ancien Régime (/isis/citation/CBB733914411/) unapi

Book MacLeod, Christine; (2007)
Heroes of Invention: Technology, Liberalism and British Identity, 1750--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB000830491/) unapi

Thesis Nuvolari, Alessandro; (2004)
The Making of Steam Power Technology: A Study of Technical Change during the British Industrial Revolution (/isis/citation/CBB001562110/) unapi

Book Weightman, Gavin; (2007)
The Industrial Revolutionaries: The Making of the Modern World, 1776--1914 (/isis/citation/CBB001033457/) unapi

Book Liedtke, Rainer; (2012)
Die industrielle Revolution (/isis/citation/CBB001420995/) unapi

Chapter A. D. Morrison-Low; (2016)
The Gentle Art of Persuasion: Advertising Instruments during Britain’s Industrial Revolution (/isis/citation/CBB243547291/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Nuvolari, Alessandro
MacLeod, Christine
Weightman, Gavin
Allen, Douglas W.
Liedtke, Rainer
Trinder, Barrie Stuart
Journals
Business History Review
International Journal for the History of Engineering and Technology
Cambridge Journal of Economics
Economic History Review
Publishers
Cambridge University Press
Grove Press
University of Chicago Press
Böhlau
Carnegie Publishing
Reaktion Books
Concepts
Industrial revolution
Business history
Technology
Manufacturing
Technological innovation
Inventors and invention
People
Watt, James
Boulton, Matthew
John Baildon
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
20th century
20th century, early
Enlightenment
Places
Great Britain
Scotland
Europe
United States
North America
Japan
Institutions
Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (Great Britain)
London Stock Exchange
Anglo-American Brush Electric Light (firm)
Edison and Swan United Electric Light Company, Ltd.
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment