Book ID: CBB321868695

From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945 (2018)


Parsons, Anne E. (Author)

University of North Carolina Press

Publication Date: 2018
Physical Details: 240
Language: English

To many, asylums are a relic of a bygone era. State governments took steps between 1950 and 1990 to minimize the involuntary confinement of people in psychiatric hospitals, and many mental health facilities closed down. Yet, as Anne Parsons reveals, the asylum did not die during deinstitutionalization. Instead, it returned in the modern prison industrial complex as the government shifted to a more punitive, institutional approach to social deviance. Focusing on Pennsylvania, the state that ran one of the largest mental health systems in the country, Parsons tracks how the lack of community-based services, a fear-based politics around mental illness, and the economics of institutions meant that closing mental hospitals fed a cycle of incarceration that became an epidemic.This groundbreaking book recasts the political narrative of the late twentieth century, as Parsons charts how the politics of mass incarceration shaped the deinstitutionalization of psychiatric hospitals and mental health policy making. In doing so, she offers critical insight into how the prison took the place of the asylum in crucial ways, shaping the rise of the prison industrial complex.

Reviewed By

Review Jonathan Sadowsky (2020) Review of "From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945". Bulletin of the History of Medicine (pp. 171-172). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Hilton, Claire
Summers, Martin
Getz, Lynne M.
Longhurst, James Lewis
Ziff, Katherine K.
Miron, Janet
History of Psychiatry
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
North Carolina Historical Review
American Quarterly
Journal of American Culture
Medizinhistorisches Journal
Tufts University Press
Ohio University Press
University of Toronto Press
Presses Universitaires de Rennes
University of Manitoba Press
Grand Central Publishing
Psychiatric hospitals
Mental disorders and diseases
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Rosenhan, David
United States
Pennsylvania (U.S.)
Great Britain
North Carolina (U.S.)
Ohio (U.S.)
20th century, late
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
Saskatchewan Hospital

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