Article ID: CBB319408320

History of lobotomy in Poland (2018)


In Poland, there were 176 cases of prefrontal leucotomy performed by Moniz’s method between 1947 and 1951. There were also several cases in which alternative psychosurgical techniques were used: prefrontal topectomy by Bilikiewicz and colleagues, and prefrontal topischemia by Ziemnowicz. This article analyses the following: publications by Choróbski, who performed lobotomy in Poland, and by Korzeniowski, who assessed its short-term results; a report by Bornsztajn, who reviewed general results of the method; and clinical research by Broszkiewicz and by Konieczyńska, who assessed Polish patients in terms of long-term results of lobotomy. Negative clinical evaluation of lobotomy led to its abandonment in Poland, a decision strengthened by a regulation that forbade lobotomy in the USSR and impacted Polish psychiatry.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Yvan Prkachin; (2021)
Two Solitudes: Wilder Penfield, Ewen Cameron, and the Search for a Better Lobotomy (/isis/citation/CBB953218824/)

Article Philippa Martyr; Aleksandar Janca; (2018)
‘A matter for conjecture’: leucotomy in Western Australia, 1947–70 (/isis/citation/CBB287003762/)

Book Raz, Mical; (2013)
The Lobotomy Letters: The Making of American Psychosurgery (/isis/citation/CBB001214411/)

Book Mical Raz; (2015)
The Lobotomy Letters: The Making of American Psychosurgery (/isis/citation/CBB727304752/)

Article Raz, Mical; (2010)
Psychosurgery, Industry and Personal Responsibility, 1940--1965 (/isis/citation/CBB000932835/)

Thesis Johnson, Jenell M.; (2008)
Echoes of the Soul: A Rhetorical History of Lobotomy (/isis/citation/CBB001561138/)

Book Sarah Fawn Montgomery; (2018)
Quite Mad: An American Pharma Memoir (/isis/citation/CBB129442531/)

Article Enrique Wulff; (2023)
Clinical Diagnosis and Cancer Probe: A History of Unity and Mass Migration (/isis/citation/CBB743051605/)

Book Renato Foschi; Marco Innamorati; (2020)
Storia critica della psicoterapia (/isis/citation/CBB839061265/)

Article Wilde, Sally; Hirst, Geoffrey; (2009)
Learning from Mistakes: Early Twentieth-Century Surgical Practice (/isis/citation/CBB000930498/)

Article Wincewicz, Andrzej; Sulkowska, Mariola; Sulkowski, Stanislaw; (2007)
Rudolph Weigl (1883--1957)---A Scientist in Poland in Wartime Plus ratio quam vis (/isis/citation/CBB000831638/)

Article Hochman, Gilberto; Palmer, Steven; (2010)
Smallpox Eradication and Brazil: An Interview with Donald A. Henderson (/isis/citation/CBB001420471/)

Article Hurtado, Diego; José Fernández, María; (2013)
Institutos Privados de Investigación “Pura” Versus Políticas Públicas de Ciencia y Tecnología en la Argentina (1943--1955) (/isis/citation/CBB001450459/)

Authors & Contributors
Raz, Mical
Montgomery, Sarah Fawn
Janca, Aleksandar
Prkachin, Yvan
Carraro, Silvia
Rzesnitzek, Lara
History of Psychiatry
Social History of Medicine
Revue d'Histoire des Sciences
Medicina nei Secoli - Arte e Scienza
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Journal of Medical Biography
University of Rochester Press
Cierre edizioni
Mad Creek Books
Raffaello Cortina Editore
Paracelsus Kliniken, Elena-Klinik
Pennsylvania State University
Neurosurgery; psychosurgery
Clinical medicine
Physicians; doctors
Therapeutic practice; therapy; treatment
Freeman, Walter
Cameron, Donald Ewen
Weigl, Rudolph
Theunissen, W. F.
Penfield, Wilder Graves
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, early
18th century
United States
World Health Organization (WHO)
Uniwersytet Jagielloński (Cracow)

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment