Article ID: CBB296789711

An Asymmetrical Network: National and International Dimensions of the Development of Mexican Physiology (2016)


This article examines the history of Mexican physiology during the period 1910–60 when two noted investigators, José J. Izquierdo, first, and Arturo Rosenblueth, second, inscribed their work into an international network of medical research. The network had at its center the laboratory of Walter B. Cannon at Harvard University. The Rockefeller Foundation was its main supporter. Rosenblueth was quite familiar with the network because he worked with Cannon at Harvard for over ten years before returning to Mexico in the early 1940s. Izquierdo and Rosenblueth developed different strategies to face adverse conditions such as insufficient laboratory equipment, inadequate library resources, a small scientific community, and ephemeral political support. Both acquired local influence and international prestige, but the sources of financial and academic power remained in the United States. This case study provides insight into the circulation of scientific ideas and practices in an important Latin American country and suggests that the world's circulation of science among industrial and developing nations during the mid-twentieth century was intrinsically asymmetric but opened temporary opportunities for talented individuals and groups of researchers.

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Authors & Contributors
Weisz, George M.
Lawrence, Christopher
Präul, Cay-Rüdiger
Brown, Theodore M.
Pressman, Jack D.
Mendelsohn, J. Andrew
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences
Llull: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Historia de las Ciencias y de las Técnicas
Social Studies of Science
Oxford University Press
Harvard University Press
Editora Fiocruz
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
University of Toronto
Transmission of ideas
Cross-national interaction
Diffusion of innovation; diffusion of knowledge; diffusion of technology
Science and society
Cannon, Walter Bradford
Hirszfeld, Ludwik
Goldstein, Kurt
Mechnikov, Ilya Ilich
Newman, George
Robinson, George Canby
Time Periods
19th century
20th century
20th century, early
18th century
21st century
Latin America
Rockefeller Foundation
Peking Union Medical College
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Harvard University
Tennessee Valley Authority

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