Article ID: CBB295189524

Medizinische Verflechtung und Systemkonkurrenz im Kalten Krieg - Medical Interdependence and System Competition During the Cold War: Poliobekämpfung im geteilten Berlin (2020)

unapi

Der Beitrag untersucht den Umgang mit der gefürchteten Kinderlähmung in der Millionenstadt Berlin nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg bis zum Mauerbau vor dem Hintergrund der politischen Entwicklung und der globalen Bekämpfungsstrategien an der Schnittstelle von Medizin-, Zeit- und Stadtgeschichte. Das von den alliierten Siegermächten 1945 in vier Sektoren aufgeteilte Berlin bildete einen Brennpunkt des Kalten Krieges und galt als Schaufenster der Systemkonkurrenz. Trotzdem entwickelte die seit 1948 administrativ und zunehmend auch infrastrukturell geteilte Stadt in Fragen der Poliobekämpfung aufgrund der räumlichen Verflechtung und der Wahrnehmung von Infektionskrankheiten als grenzüberschreitende Bedrohung ein erstaunliches Maß an Zusammenarbeit zwischen den Experten in Ost- und Westberlin. Von dieser „Politik der kurzen Wege“ und den persönlichen Kontakten profitierten sowohl die gesamte Berliner Bevölkerung als auch die nationale Seuchenbekämpfung in beiden deutschen Staaten. Covering the intersection of medical, contemporary and urban history this article examines the handling of the dreaded polio in the megacity Berlin after World War II up to the erection of the Berlin Wall against the background of political developments and global strategies to combat the disease. Divided into four sectors by the victorious allied powers in 1945, Berlin was a focal point of the Cold War and was considered a showcase for the two competing systems. Despite this, the city, which had been divided administratively since 1948 and increasingly also in terms of infrastructure, developed an astonishing level of cooperation between experts in East and West Berlin in matters of polio control due to the spatial interdependence and the perception of infectious diseases as a cross-border threat. This “policy of short distances” and personal contacts benefited both the entire population of Berlin and the national epidemic control in both German states.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB295189524/

Similar Citations

Article Vargha, Dora; (2014)
Between East and West: Polio Vaccination across the Iron Curtain in Cold War Hungary (/isis/citation/CBB001420184/) unapi

Book Mckiernan-González, John Raymond; (2012)
Fevered Measures: Public Health and Race at the Texas-Mexico Border, 1848--1942 (/isis/citation/CBB001212560/) unapi

Book Kristin Hussey; (2021)
Imperial Bodies in London: Empire, Mobility, and the Making of British Medicine, 1880–1914 (/isis/citation/CBB460048744/) unapi

Article Cueto, Marcos; (2008)
International Health, the Early Cold War and Latin America (/isis/citation/CBB000933073/) unapi

Book Bob H. Reinhardt; (2015)
The End of a Global Pox: America and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era (/isis/citation/CBB147233173/) unapi

Book Jochen Hennig; Udo Andraschke; (2010)
WeltWissen: 300 Jahre Wissenschaften in Berlin (/isis/citation/CBB287068262/) unapi

Book Finger, Simon; (2012)
The Contagious City: The Politics of Public Health in Early Philadelphia (/isis/citation/CBB001200627/) unapi

Article Safont, Eva Canaleta; Móra, Joana Maria Pujades; (2008)
Medical Discourse and Municipal Policy on Prostitution: Palma 1862--1900 (/isis/citation/CBB000931735/) unapi

Book Timothy Moss; (2020)
Remaking Berlin: A History of the City through Infrastructure, 1920–2020 (/isis/citation/CBB159764389/) unapi

Article Scheffler, Robin Wolfe; (2014)
Managing the Future: The Special Virus Leukemia Program and the Acceleration of Biomedical Research (/isis/citation/CBB001421647/) unapi

Book Solomon, Susan Gross; (2006)
Doing Medicine Together: Germany and Russia between the Wars (/isis/citation/CBB000772109/) unapi

Article Barnes, David S.; (2014)
Cargo, “Infection,” and the Logic of Quarantine in the Nineteenth Century (/isis/citation/CBB001420149/) unapi

Article Poblete, Joanna; (2013)
The S. S. Mongolia Incident: Medical Politics and Filipino Colonial Migration in Hawaii (/isis/citation/CBB001200326/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Solomon, Susan Gross
Hughes, J. T.
Móra, Joana Maria Pujades
Safont, Eva Canaleta
Cueto, Marcos
Campos, Andre Luiz Vieira De
Journals
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadien d'Histoire de la Medecine
The Journal of Transport History
Journal of Medical Biography
Dynamis: Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam
Pacific Historical Review
Publishers
University of Toronto Press
Cornell University Press
Duke University Press
University of North Carolina Press
MIT Press
Hirmer Verlag
Concepts
Public health
Medicine and politics
Cross-national interaction
Cold War
Medicine
Urban history
People
Rush, Benjamin
Franklin, Benjamin
Places
Berlin (Germany)
United States
Germany
Philadelphia, PA
Russia
Spain
Times
20th century
19th century
20th century, early
20th century, late
18th century
17th century
Institutions
Wilhelm-Institut für Hirnforschung
World Health Organization (WHO)
Rockefeller Foundation
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment