Article ID: CBB288306532

Ludwik Fleck: On Medical Experiments on Human Beings (May 2016)


Ludwik Fleck’s article, “On medical experiments on human beings” was published in 1948 in the main Polish medical journal; it was destined for general practitioners. Fleck was prisoner in the concentration camp Buchenwald, where he witnessed Nazi murderous “experiments” on the camp’s imamates; he testified about these experiments in the Nuremberg Trial of Nazi doctors. This article, and Tadeusz Kielanowski’s comment on Fleck text, stress, however, that an exclusive focus on the – hopefully rare – criminal activities of doctors may be misleading. It is important to prevent the numerous ethical transgressions of ‘normal’ medical science and routine clinical practice.

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Authors & Contributors
Bonah, Christian
Hedfors, Eva
Schmidt, Ulf
Stephens, Martha
Sinding, Christiane
Spitz, Vivien
Social Studies of Science
Social History of Medicine
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
European Journal for the History of Medicine and Health
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
Medizinhistorisches Journal
Duke University Press
Sentient Publications
Palgrave Macmillan
Hambledon Continuum
Crown Publishers
Medicine and ethics
Human experimentation
National Socialism
Physicians; doctors
Medicine and the military; medicine in war
Fleck, Ludwik
Alexander, Leo
Time Periods
20th century
20th century, early
21st century
United States
Nuremberg (Germany)
Soviet Union
Cincinnati General Hospital
National Institute of Health (U.S.)

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