Article ID: CBB263512153

The Question of Pangxing 旁行 and Xieshang 邪上 in the “Sandai shibiao” 三代世表 (Genealogical Tables of the Three Dynasties) of the Shiji 史記 (The Grand Clerk’s Records) (2017)

unapi

Han scholar Huan Tan 桓譚 (c. 40 BC-32 AD) has attached two characteristic features to “Sandai shibiao” type historical tables that Sima Qian (c. 145 or 135–86 BC) inserted in his Shiji (The Grand Clerk’s Records): according to him, they are pangxing 旁行 and xieshang 邪上. For many centuries, scholars have not made the meaning of these features clear. The author relies on a typological analysis of writing style of excavated sources from early imperial China to offer his own interpretation. He suggests that the expression xieshang has two meanings. Narrowly speaking, it designates a writing style where characters are written along oblique lines, whereas, more broadly, it refers to forms or methods of computation relying on tools for divination (diagrams in the form of a tortoise or human figure, shipan 式盤 divination board and so on). Accordingly, pangxing ‘sideways’ would designate the horizontal writing style of documents that recorded the results of computations obtained in this way, in a tabular “Sandai shibiao” layout.

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Authors & Contributors
Han, Jishao
Chemla, Karine Carole
Cullen, Christopher
Li, Jender
Shmidt, F. R. A.
Shi, Yunli
Journals
Ziran Kexueshi Yanjiu (Studies in the History of Natural Sciences)
East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
Lishi yuyan yanjiuso jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica)
Journal of Dialectics of Nature
Science in Context
Publishers
Harvard University
Concepts
East Asia, civilization and culture
Astronomy
Alchemy
Taoism
Medicine, Chinese traditional
Astrology
People
Fang, Jing
Places
China
Times
Han dynasty (China, 202 B.C.-220 A.D.)
Ancient
Song Dynasty (China, 960-1279)
Tang dynasty (China, 618-907)
Medieval
Qin dynasty (China, 221-207 B.C.)
Institutions
Bamboo Publishing
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