Article ID: CBB247318304

From Malaria Eradication to Basic Health Services: Decolonization and Public Health Futures in 1960s Cameroon (2020)


In the 1960s, Cameroonian political officials and doctors began to embrace a new international health program focused on building up basic health services, marking a significant move away from previous campaigns in the 1950s singularly directed at malaria eradication. The idea behind this program, called malaria “pre-eradication,” was that the development of a public health infrastructure would facilitate malaria eradication in the future. In navigating this new program in the first decade of independence, Cameroonians in turn explored the possibility of a new public health future between the imperatives of international organizations, former colonial powers, and a newly national public. This article shows that, in this distinct “past future,” Cameroonians drew on international programs to build a vision for state-centered control of biomedicine and public health in the newly independent nation. As they pursued this vision, Cameroonians also grappled with how and to what degree to reform the institutional architecture of French colonial medicine, thus highlighting the significance of colonial medical institutions to international health programs after political independence.

Citation URI

Similar Citations

Article Jones, Margaret; (2013)
A “Textbook Pattern”? Malaria Control and Eradication in Jamaica, 1910--65 (/isis/citation/CBB001320597/) unapi

Article Jennifer Johnson; (2018)
The Origins of Family Planning in Tunisia: Reform, Public Health, and International Aid (/isis/citation/CBB662781842/) unapi

Article Patrick T. O'Shaughnessy; (2008)
Parachuting Cats and Crushed Eggs the Controversy Over the Use of DDT to Control Malaria (/isis/citation/CBB204341151/) unapi

Article Markus, Miles B.; (2011)
Malaria: Origin of the Term “Hypnozoite” (/isis/citation/CBB001220961/) unapi

Article Li, Runhong; (2011)
The “523 Project” and the Rediscovery of Sweet Wormwood's Antimalarial Effect (/isis/citation/CBB001221350/) unapi

Book Cueto, Marcos; (2007)
Cold War, Deadly Fevers: Malaria Eradication in Mexico, 1955--1975 (/isis/citation/CBB000774197/) unapi

Article Atsuko Naono; (2022)
“Going ‘the Last Mile’ to Eliminate Malaria” in Myanmar? (/isis/citation/CBB996132296/) unapi

Book O'Doherty, Kieran; Einsiedel, Edna F; (2013)
Public Engagement and Emerging Technologies (/isis/citation/CBB001420078/) unapi

Article Koichi Mikami; (2019)
Orphans in the Market: The History of Orphan Drug Policy (/isis/citation/CBB788431131/) unapi

Article Kazanjian, Powel; (2014)
The AIDS Pandemic in Historic Perspective (/isis/citation/CBB001420763/) unapi

Book Gostin, Lawrence O.; (2004)
The AIDS Pandemic: Complacency, Injustice, and Unfulfilled Expectations (/isis/citation/CBB000630184/) unapi

Book Frank, Richard G.; Glied, Sherry A.; (2006)
Better But Not Well: Mental Health Policy in the United States since 1950 (/isis/citation/CBB000830291/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Gostin, Lawrence O.
Cueto, Marcos
Frank, Richard G.
Glied, Sherry A.
Carter, Rosalynn
Richert, Lucas
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Canadian Journal of History
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Journal of the History of Biology
Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology
Medical History
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of North Carolina Press
UBC Press
University of Delaware
Columbia University
Public health
Public policy
Prevention and control of disease
Disease and diseases
Medicine and politics
Kubitschek de Oliveira, Juscelino
Pinotti, Mário
United States
Great Britain
Middle and Near East
Jamaica (Caribbean)
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
United States. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Population Council

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment