Article ID: CBB247318304

From Malaria Eradication to Basic Health Services: Decolonization and Public Health Futures in 1960s Cameroon (2020)

unapi

In the 1960s, Cameroonian political officials and doctors began to embrace a new international health program focused on building up basic health services, marking a significant move away from previous campaigns in the 1950s singularly directed at malaria eradication. The idea behind this program, called malaria “pre-eradication,” was that the development of a public health infrastructure would facilitate malaria eradication in the future. In navigating this new program in the first decade of independence, Cameroonians in turn explored the possibility of a new public health future between the imperatives of international organizations, former colonial powers, and a newly national public. This article shows that, in this distinct “past future,” Cameroonians drew on international programs to build a vision for state-centered control of biomedicine and public health in the newly independent nation. As they pursued this vision, Cameroonians also grappled with how and to what degree to reform the institutional architecture of French colonial medicine, thus highlighting the significance of colonial medical institutions to international health programs after political independence.

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Authors & Contributors
Gostin, Lawrence O.
Cueto, Marcos
Frank, Richard G.
Glied, Sherry A.
Carter, Rosalynn
Richert, Lucas
Journals
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Canadian Journal of History
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
Journal of the History of Biology
Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology
Medical History
Publishers
Johns Hopkins University Press
University of North Carolina Press
UBC Press
University of Delaware
Columbia University
Concepts
Public health
Public policy
Malaria
Prevention and control of disease
Disease and diseases
Medicine and politics
People
Kubitschek de Oliveira, Juscelino
Pinotti, Mário
Places
United States
Great Britain
Mexico
Middle and Near East
China
Jamaica (Caribbean)
Times
20th century, late
21st century
20th century, early
Institutions
United States. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Population Council
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