Article ID: CBB246935870

‘Great is Darwin and Bergson His Poet’: Julian Huxley's Other Evolutionary Synthesis (2018)

unapi

In 1912, Julian Huxley published his first book The Individual in the Animal Kingdom which he dedicated to the then world-famous French philosopher Henri Bergson. Historians have generally adopted one of two attitudes towards Huxley's early encounter with Bergson. They either dismiss it entirely as unimportant or minimize it, deeming it a youthful indiscretion preceding Huxley's full conversion to Fisherian Darwinism. Close biographical study and archive materials demonstrate, however, that neither position is tenable. The study of the Bergsonian elements in play in Julian Huxley's early works fed into Huxley's first ideas about progress in evolution and even his celebrated theories of bird courtship. Furthermore, the view that Huxley rejected Bergson in his later years needs to be revised. Although Huxley ended up claiming that Bergson's theory of evolution had no explanatory power, he never repudiated the descriptive power of Bergson's controversial notion of the élan vital. Even into the Modern Synthesis period, Huxley represented his own synthesis as drawing decisively on Bergson's philosophy.

...More
Citation URI
http://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB246935870/

Similar Citations

Chapter Gissis, Snait B.; Jablonka, Eva; (2011)
The Exclusion of Soft (“Lamarckian”) Inheritance from the Modern Synthesis (/isis/citation/CBB001500089/) unapi

Chapter Wilkins, Adam; (2011)
Why Did the Modern Synthesis Give Short Shrift to “Soft Inheritance”? (/isis/citation/CBB001500092/) unapi

Article Philippe Huneman; (2019)
How the Modern Synthesis Came to Ecology (/isis/citation/CBB692195212/) unapi

Article Lunteren, Fran H. van; Hollestelle, Marijn J.; (2013)
Paul Ehrenfest and the Dilemmas of Modernity (/isis/citation/CBB001321213/) unapi

Book Grant Ramsey; Charles H. Pence; (2016)
Chance in Evolution (/isis/citation/CBB545855239/) unapi

Article Yoichi Ishida; (2017)
Sewall Wright, shifting balance theory, and the hardening of the modern synthesis (/isis/citation/CBB492038485/) unapi

Article Alan Grafen; (2019)
Should we ask for more than consistency of Darwinism with Mendelism? (/isis/citation/CBB453166142/) unapi

Thesis Green, Lisa Anne; (2012)
Science for Survival: The Modern Synthesis of Evolution and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (/isis/citation/CBB001567386/) unapi

Book Patrick Armstrong; (2019)
Alfred Russel Wallace (/isis/citation/CBB323050340/) unapi

Book Geoffrey West; (2018)
Charles Darwin: The Fragmentary Man (/isis/citation/CBB801797078/) unapi

Book Regal, Brian; (2002)
Henry Fairfield Osborn: Race and the Search for the Origins of Man (/isis/citation/CBB000201525/) unapi

Essay Review Hopwood, Nick; (2009)
Darwinism's Tragic Genius: Psychology and Reputation (/isis/citation/CBB001566492/) unapi

Essay Review Radick, Gregory; (2009)
[Essay review] (/isis/citation/CBB001567089/) unapi

Book Richards, Robert J.; (2008)
The Tragic Sense of Life: Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought (/isis/citation/CBB000950269/) unapi

Article John Beatty; (2019)
The Creativity of Natural Selection? Part II: The Synthesis and Since (/isis/citation/CBB067118452/) unapi

Article Cain, Joe; (2010)
Julian Huxley, General Biology and the London Zoo, 1935--42 (/isis/citation/CBB001022722/) unapi

Article Erlingsson, Steindór J.; (2009)
The Costs of Being a Restless Intellect: Julian Huxley's Popular and Scientific Career in the 1920s (/isis/citation/CBB000954215/) unapi

Book Juler, Edward; (2015)
Grown but Not Made: British Modernist Sculpture and the New Biology (/isis/citation/CBB001551962/) unapi

Essay Review Meer, Jitse M. van der; (2000)
Progress in Nature and Culture (/isis/citation/CBB000110316/) unapi

Authors & Contributors
Echeverria, Begona
Meer, Jitse M. van der
Ruse, Michael
Regal, Brian
Richards, Robert John
Erlingsson, Steindór J.
Journals
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Isis: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Journal of the History of Biology
Biology and Philosophy
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
History Today
Publishers
University of Chicago Press
Ashgate
Manchester University Press
University of California, Riverside
Reaktion Books
Routledge
Concepts
Biology
Evolution
Modern Synthesis (biology)
Biographies
Genetics
Natural selection
People
Huxley, Julian Sorell
Haeckel, Ernst
Darwin, Charles Robert
Osborn, Henry Fairfield
Ehrenfest, Paul
Bergson, Henri Louis
Places
Great Britain
United States
Times
20th century, early
19th century
20th century
20th century, late
Institutions
London Zoo
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment