Article ID: CBB228242848

The teaching of anatomy throughout the centuries: from Herophilus to plastination and beyond (2019)

unapi

Cultural changes, scientific progress, and new trends in medical education have modified the role of dissection in the teaching of anatomy in today’s medical schools. Dissection is indispensable for a correct and complete knowledge of human anatomy, which can ensure safe as well as efficient clinical practice and the human dissection lab could possibly be the ideal place to cultivate humanistic qualities among future physicians. In this manuscript, we discuss the role of dissection itself, the value of which has been under debate for the last 30 years; furthermore, we attempt to focus on the way in which anatomy knowledge was delivered throughout the centuries, from the ancient times, through the Middles Ages to the present. Finally, we document the rise of plastination as a new trend in anatomy education both in medical and non-medical practice.

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Authors & Contributors
Hurren, Elizabeth T.
Roach, Mary
Dijck, José van
Martínez Vidal, Álvaro
Pardo Tomás, José
Hopwood, Nick
Journals
Medical History
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Bulletin of the History of Medicine
Histoire des Sciences Médicales
Journal of the History of Collections
Spontaneous Generations
Publishers
W. W. Norton & Co.
Ashgate
L'Erma di Bretschneider
Edizioni ETS
Cambridge University Press
Concepts
Medicine
Dissection
Human anatomy
Anatomy
Medical education and teaching
Medicine and society
People
Vesalius, Andreas
Hunter, John
Thurlow, Thomas
Hume, David
Hewson, William
Lundborg, Johan
Time Periods
19th century
18th century
Renaissance
16th century
20th century
21st century
Places
Great Britain
Italy
Spain
Munich (Germany)
Austro-hungary
Vienna (Austria)
Institutions
Reale Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale di Firenze
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