Article ID: CBB227509432

The Logic of Scientific Unity? Medawar, the Royal Society and the Rothschild Controversy 1971–72 (2016)


In 1971 Lord (Victor) Rothschild published his report for the government, The organisation and management of government R&D, and Sir Peter Medawar launched a campaign for the election of Sir Karl Popper to Fellowship of the Royal Society. We explore these two developments in the contexts of the then current views of the role and purpose of science, and their underpinning philosophy. Although the political battle was won by Rothschild, resulting in major changes to the funding and management of applied R&D, we argue that, despite this, Medawar's campaign for Popper provided an embattled science community with a philosophical basis for defending pure research and the unity of basic and applied science.

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Authors & Contributors
Krell, Jacob
Matthew Paskins
Schumann, Dirk
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei (Rome)
Wang, Zuoyue
Tochinai, Fumihiko
Osiris: A Research Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences
Notes and Records: The Royal Society Journal of the History of Science
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
VIET: Voprosy Istorii Estestvoznaniia i Tekhniki
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Physics in Perspective
Scienze e lettere
Göttingen Wallstein Verlag
Cambridge University Press
Science and politics
Societies; institutions; academies
Science and society
Science and culture
International cooperation
Philosophers of science, modern
Popper, Karl Raimund
Telesio, Bernardino
Stengers, Isabelle
Ramsauer, Carl
Polanyi, Michael
Nikitin, Petr Vasil'evich
Time Periods
20th century, late
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
18th century
17th century
United States
Soviet Union
São Paulo (Brazil)
Florence (Italy)
Royal Society (Great Britain). European Science Exchange Programme
Hastings Natural History Reservation (Calif.)
Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (DPG)
International Geophysical Year (IGY)
Science Society of China
Royal Society of London

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