Article ID: CBB220291255

What Does Good Science-Based Advice to Politics Look Like? (2022)

unapi

I address options for providing scientific policy advice and explore the relation between scientific knowledge and political, economic and moral values. I argue that such nonepistemic values are essential for establishing the significance of questions and the relevance of evidence, while, on the other hand, such social choices are the prerogative of society. This tension can be resolved by recognizing social values and identifying them as separate premises or as commissions while withholding commitment to them, and by elaborating a plurality of policy packages that envisage the implementation of different social goals. There are limits to upholding the value-free ideal in scientific research. But by following the mentioned strategy, science can give useful policy advice by leaving the value-free ideal largely intact. Such scientific restraint avoids the risk of appearing to illegitimately impose values on the public and could make the advice given more trustworthy.

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Authors & Contributors
Irzik, Gürol
Kurtulmus, A Faik
Ash, Mitchell G.
Stifter, Christian
Hess, David J.
Qvarsell, Roger
Journals
Metascience: An International Review Journal for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Science
Science as Culture
Lychnos
Mémoires de la Classe des sciences. Académie Royale de Belgique
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy
Spontaneous Generations
Publishers
Wiener Universitätsverlag
Akademie-Verlag
Berghahn Books
Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura
Concepts
Science and society
Science and politics
Public policy
Science and government
Science and culture
Technology and society
People
Weinberg, Alvin Martin
Feyerabend, Paul K.
Places
Great Britain
Austria
Sweden
Belgium
Spain
France
Times
20th century
20th century, late
20th century, early
21st century
19th century
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