Article ID: CBB210893605

Oligarchy and the Tripartite Soul in Plato’s Republic (2021)


In Republic VIII, oligarchy is represented as a transitional or hybrid regime combining features of aristocracy and timocracy with the rule of appetitive desire characteristic of democracy and tyranny. The apparently anomalous intermediary position of oligarchy, in which an object of appetitive soul provides the foundation for interpersonal and political norms, demonstrates the complexity of the interaction between ruling soul parts and underlying rational structures that give unity to each constitution and character type. This interaction cannot be adequately accounted for in terms of the activity of autonomous soul parts whose interactions are wholly reduced to quantitative relations of force.

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Authors & Contributors
Vlastos, Gregory
Owen, G. E. L.
Fine, Gail
Scott, Gary Alan
Scott, Dominic
Ackrill, J. L.
Apeiron: Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science
History of Political Thought
History of the Human Sciences
British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Early Science and Medicine: A Journal for the Study of Science, Technology and Medicine in the Pre-modern Period
State University of New York Press
Oxford University Press
Center for Hellenic Studies
University of Notre Dame Press
Focus Publishing
University of Southern California
Philosophy and politics
Science and politics
Philosophy of science
Time Periods

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