Article ID: CBB209895150

„Sieben Plagen auf einmal schlagen“ – Theatrale Hygienepropaganda und Infektionskrankheiten in der Sowjetunion der 1920 er–40 er Jahre (2021)


This paper explores the role and impact of the official Soviet hygiene propaganda during the first three decades after the October Revolution, taking as an example theatrical performances about infectious diseases. In the Bolshevik Great Experiment of the 1920s–30s, the creation of a “Soviet body” optimized according to aesthetic and medical-hygienic norms was one of the core parts of the socialist project. For that purpose, hygiene campaigns were organized to promote hygiene and cleanliness with posters, leaflets, mobile exhibitions and lectures. Moreover, starting in the 1920s the theatrical performances were demonstrated in open-air theatres and clubhouses for workers and farmers. Even in the kolkhoz fields agitprop-revues, agit-trials, living newspapers and didactic plays were performed. Many of them addressed the issues of epidemics. To popularize medical knowledge, special theatres of sanitary education were opened in Moscow and other cities of the country in the mid-1920s–30s. Using archival materials of the Moscow Theatre for Sanitary Culture (1925–1947), the article shows theatrical techniques for producing evidence used in performances, bacteriological coding of political antagonisms on sanitary stages and transformations of everyday cultural practices in theatrical hygiene propaganda.

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Authors & Contributors
Solomon, Susan Gross
Caron-Leulliez, Marianne
Shin, Dongwon
Osten, Philipp
Cruz, Alice
Rollet, Catherine
História, Ciências, Saúde---Manguinhos
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History/Bulletin Canadienne d'Histoire de la Medecine
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal
Central European History
Cambridge University Press
Franco Angeli
La Dispute
Northern Illinois University Press
University of Wisconsin Press
Oxford University Press
Medicine and politics
Public health
Medicine and government
Lamaze, Fernand
Jaensch, Walther (1889-1950)
Time Periods
20th century, early
20th century
19th century
21st century
20th century, late
Soviet Union
Weimar Republic (1919-1933)
Rockefeller Foundation

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