Article ID: CBB203070990

Robert Grosseteste: la lumière et les fondements du monde (2020)

unapi

Les écrits de Robert Grosseteste (vers 1170-1253) offrent la possibilité de confronter différentes méthodes dans l’exposé de la cosmologie ou de la cosmogonie. La présente étude s’attache à exposer quelques points qui émergent de cette confrontation. Dans le De luce (Traité de la lumière), Grosseteste analyse un mode de constitution du cosmos où la lumière joue le rôle de la forme de corporéité, c’est-à-dire que la lumière est identifiée à une forme primordiale de constitution des corps composés de matière et de forme. Ce traité apparaît plutôt comme une cosmologie que comme une cosmogonie. Dans l’Hexaёmeron, qui est postérieur au De luce, Grosseteste commente le récit de la création en Genèse 1,1 - 2,16. Là, la question de la temporalité est centrale, notamment celle du sens à donner à la création en six jours. En dépit de grandes différences d’approches dans les deux écrits, il est possible de déceler quelques points communs que l’on peut considérer comme un usage de la philosophie naturelle dans l’explication du texte révélé. The writings of Robert Grosseteste (circa 1170-1253) offer the possibility of comparing different methods in the exposition of cosmology or cosmogony. The present study aims to expose some points that emerge from this confrontation. In De luce (Treatise on light), Grosseteste analyses a mode of constitution of the cosmos where light plays the role of the form of corporeal- ity, that is to say that light is identified with a primordial form of constitution of bodies com- posed of matter and form. This treatise appears more like a cosmology than a cosmogony. In the Hexaёmeron, which is posterior to De luce, Grosseteste comments on the story of creation in Genesis 1,1 - 2,16. Here, the question of temporality is central, notably that of the meaning to be given to creation in six days. Despite great differences in approach in the two writings, it is possible to detect some commonalities which can be considered as a use of natural philosophy in the explanation of the revealed text.

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Article Eudoxie Delli; Efthymios Nicolaidis (2020) Introduction. Almagest (pp. 12-16). unapi

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Authors & Contributors
Raizman-Kedar, Yael
Gasper, Giles E. M.
Oliver, Simon
Gal, Ofer
Chen-Morris, Raz
Freudenthal, Gad
Journals
Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-testuali
Vivarium: Journal for Mediaeval Philosophy and the Intellectual Life of the Middle Ages
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
History of Science
Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism
Science and Christian Belief
Publishers
Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
Cornell University
Concepts
Natural philosophy
Cosmology
Light
Cosmogony
Science and religion
Theology
People
Grosseteste, Robert
Plato
Aristotle
Thomas Aquinas, Saint
Plotinus
Albertus Magnus
Time Periods
Medieval
13th century
Ancient
14th century
12th century
Renaissance
Places
Greece
Europe
Rome
England
Great Britain
Institutions
Ikhwān al-Ṣafā (Brethren of Purity)
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