Article ID: CBB200628960

Variations and Combinations: Invention and Development of Quartz Clock Technologies at AT&T (2016)

unapi

Quartz clock technologies played a central role in twentieth century timekeeping, telecommunication and society at large. This article explores the process of the invention and construction of the first quartz clock by Warren Marrison and his associate researchers at AT&T, who needed the clock to monitor the corporation's self-maintained crystal-controlled frequency standard. The frequency standard was deemed essential for the needs of electronic telecommunication in the 1920s. Based on research notebooks and contemporary publications, this article examines the origins of the technology in the corporation's earlier tuning-fork-frequency-standard, which included the first electronic clock. Providing a detailed examination of the various electronic methods used by Marrison and his colleagues and their origins, the article examines the way the modern, scientifically educated inventor, working within a large industrial laboratory and enjoying its rich material and intellectual resources, collected, combined and adjusted the resources his disposal to produce novelty.

...More
Citation URI
https://data.isiscb.org/isis/citation/CBB200628960/

Similar Citations

Article Farley, Tom; (Winter 2007)
The Cell Phone Revolution (/isis/citation/CBB729065131/)

Article Wolpin, Stewart; (Winter 2007)
Hold the Phone (/isis/citation/CBB850356489/)

Article Friedel, Robert; (Fall 2010)
Transistor (/isis/citation/CBB508896793/)

Book Lamoreaux, Naomi R.; Sokoloff, Kenneth Lee; (2007)
Financing Innovation in the United States, 1870 to the Present (/isis/citation/CBB000774188/)

Book Green, Venus; (2001)
Race on the Line: Gender, Labor, and Technology in the Bell System, 1880-1980 (/isis/citation/CBB000302042/)

Article Cécile Aguillaume; (2006)
The Swiss Watchmaking Industry faced with Globalisation in the 1970s (/isis/citation/CBB740624494/)

Article Turdean, Cristina; (2011)
Casinos and the Digitization of the Slot Machine, 1950--1989 (/isis/citation/CBB001231717/)

Book Hugh R. Slotten; (2022)
Beyond Sputnik and the Space Race: The Origins of Global Satellite Communications (/isis/citation/CBB430492982/)

Article Roh, Chul-Young; (2008)
Telemedicine: What It Is, Where It Came From, and Where It Will Go (/isis/citation/CBB990668427/)

Book Andreas Fickers; Pascal Griset; (2019)
Communicating Europe : Technologies, information, events (/isis/citation/CBB413697421/)

Book Douglas, Susan J.; (1987)
Inventing American broadcasting, 1899-1922 (/isis/citation/CBB000042095/)

Article Segal, Michael; (2012)
Material History: Learning from Silicon (/isis/citation/CBB001320441/)

Article Mills, Mara; (2008)
Another Etymology for “Bionic”: Hearing Aids and Disability History at Kent State (/isis/citation/CBB001021169/)

Article Vatz, Mara E.; (Spring 2009)
Long Live Vacuum Tubes (/isis/citation/CBB114964966/)

Authors & Contributors
Hazlett, Thomas W.
Aguillaume, Cécile
Roh, Chul-Young
Farley, Tom
Vatz, Mara E.
Wolpin, Stewart
Journals
American Heritage of Invention and Technology
Icon: Journal of the International Committee for the History of Technology
Technology's Stories
Telematics and Informatics
Rittenhouse: Journal of the American Scientific Instrument Enterprise
Nature
Publishers
Johns Hopkins University Press
Ohio University
Yale University Press
Palgrave Macmillan
MIT Press
Duke University Press
Concepts
Technological innovation
Telecommunications
Electronics
Technology
Technology and government
Electronics industry
People
Napoleon I, Emperor of France
Brattain, Walter Houser
Bardeen, John
Time Periods
20th century
19th century
20th century, late
21st century
18th century
Places
United States
Tennessee (U.S.)
Switzerland
Japan
Germany
France
Institutions
American Telephone and Telegraph Company
Motorola
General Electric Company
International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
United States Navy
International Business Machines Corporation
Comments

Be the first to comment!

{{ comment.created_by.username }} on {{ comment.created_on | date:'medium' }}

Log in or register to comment